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Table 3 Bivariate analysis for second choice of specialization as distributed by gender

From: Career preferences of final year medical students at a medical school in Kenya–A cross sectional study

2nd Specialty Males Females OR (95 % CI)
  n % n %   p-value
Anaesthesia 3 3.95 6 7.59 2.00 (0.48-8.30) 0.34
Academic medicine 1 1.32 2 2.53 1.95 (0.17-21.93) 0.589
Basic science 0 0 1 1.27 N/A  
ENT 4 5.26 5 6.33 1.21 (0.31-4.71) 0.772
Family medicine/GP 3 3.95 4 5.06 1.30 (0.28-6.00) 0.739
Internal Medicine 5 6.58 3 3.8 0.56 (0.13-2.43) 0.439
Obs/Gyn 6 7.89 4 5.06 0.62 (0.16-2.30) 0.477
Ophthalmology 0 0 3 3.8 N/A 0.086
Orthopaedics 9 11.84 0 0 N/A  
Paediatrics 5 6.58 16 20.25 3.60 (1.24-10.41) a0.018
Pathology 1 1.32 0 0 N/A  
Public health 8 10.53 12 5.19 1.52 (0.59-3.96) 0.389
Radiology 3 3.95 4 5.06 1.30 (0.28-6.00) 0.738
Surgery 19 25 10 12.66 0.43 (0.18-1.01) 0.053
Psychiatry 1 1.32 0 0 N/A  
Not decided 5 6.58 6 7.59 1.17 (0.34-3.99) 0.805
Non-medical (leave medicine) 3 3.95 3 3.8 0.96 (0.18-4.92) 0.961
Total 76 100 79 100   
  1. aSignificant at alpha level 0.05, N/A not applicable, n number of students selecting a particular specialty with % proportion
  2. Odds ratio represents female: male preference for a particular specialty