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Table 2 Average Likert score for pre and post-trip students’ concerns

From: Medical and pharmacy student concerns about participating on international service-learning trips

Student Concern Pre-tripa Post-tripb P-valuec
Disease/Epidemics 3.34 4.60 < .001
Language 3.74 3.37 .079
Monetary Issues 3.80 4.60 < .001
Food 3.83 4.60 < .001
Travel 3.86 4.51 < .001
Group Dynamics 3.91 4.37 .081
Natural Disasters 3.94 4.94 < .001
Hospitality 3.94 4.74 .001
Cultural Barriers 4.14 4.46 .047
Terrorism 4.34 4.94 < .001
Religious Barriers 4.43 4.71 .096
  1. a. Lower values indicate higher levels of concern
  2. b. Likert scale 1–5 with 1 – Extreme Concern and 5 – Minimal Concern
  3. c. P value ≤ .05 indicates statistical significance