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Table 4 Cross-evaluation on significance of associated factors in the two student groups based on the weakest and highest results on medication competence evaluation

From: Factors associated with nursing students’ medication competence at the beginning and end of their education

Associated factor Quartile difference in total Quartile difference 2nd semester Quartile difference 7th semester
Age xx ns x
Gender ns x ns
Previous degree in nursing ns ns ns
Matricular exam in mathematics xx xx  
Long syllabus in mathematics xxx xx  
Failed medication calculation test x xx x
Participation in supportive medication calculation education xxx xx ns
Failed theoretical exam on basics of medication management x ns ns
Perception of pharmacology easy xxx xx x
Satisfaction on amount of current education ns ns ns
High abilities of self-regulated learning xxx ns xx
Less lack of regulation in learning xxx x xx
Perceives mathematics as easy xxx xxx xx
Good grade in mathematics xxx xxx ns
Good grade on exam on theoretical basis of medication management xxx xxx x
Good study motivation in studying medication care xxx ns xxx
Active participation in studying medication care xxx x xx
Self-confidence in medication management xxx xx x
Semester xxx - -
Possibility to apply theory in clinical practice (only 7th semester) ns - ns
The Medication Passport in use ns ns ns
The use of a calculator x ns x
The number of clinical practice placements xxx ns ns
Perceives the Medication Passport as useful (only 7th semester) ns - ns
Work experience prior and during nursing education ns ns ns
  1. Statistical difference x =0.05, xx = 0.01, xxx = 0.001, ns = no statistical difference