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Table 7 Factors and corresponding items of the questionnaire (Values are Cronbach’s alpha (CA) and means ± SD (SD = standard deviation; plus p-values) for the 8-factor solution for groups supervised facilitatively (f) and non-facilitatively (nf)

From: Evaluating differently tutored groups in problem-based learning in a German dental curriculum: a mixed methods study

Factor Items CA Facilitative (f) Non-facilitative (nf) Signifikance f/nf
Support 19,20,44,47,51–58 0.87 4.14 ± 0.45 3.89 ± 0.43 Yes (p= 0.003)
Tutor effectiveness 12–18,21,22,45,46 0.85 4.05 ± 0.50 3.75 ± 0.49 Yes (p< 0.001)
Group interaction 1–8,25–27,42 0.81 3.96 ± 0.41 3.86 ± 0.39 No (p = 0.229)
Acceptabiliy 29–32,38–41 0.81 4.12 ± 0.56 4.04 ± 0.51 No (p = 0.54)
Motivation 24,28,33–35 0.75 4.01 ± 0.66 3.85 ± 0.46 Yes (p= 0.04)
Tutors’ overall performance 23,48–50,59,60 0.30 4.10 ± 0.38 4.02 ± 0.33 No (p = 0.09)
Moderation 36,37,43 0.53 3.32 ± 0.69 3.16 ± 0.68 No (p = 0.09)
Conflict potential 9–11 0.56 3.32 ± 0.66 3.26 ± 0.66 No (p = 0.6)
  1. Significant differences are highlighted in bold