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Table 3 Factors associated with barriers to implementation EBP

From: Barriers against incorporating evidence-based practice in physical therapy in Colombia: current state and factors associated

Barriers Factor Level Odds Ratio (95 % CI)a Model P Model R2,b,c
Q-4: Insufficient time Age (y) 20–29 1.98 (0.30–0.92) <0.001 0.302
30–39 Reference
Highest degree (Specialized) No 0.56 (0.36–1.02)
Yes Reference
Current main role in therapy centre Patient care 1.48 (1.03–2.16)
Clinical research Reference
Q-6: Lack of information resources Hours of work per week <20 Reference <0.001 0.211
20–30 0.67 (0.38–1.19)
31–40 1.10 (0.70–1.72)
>40 2.07 (1.09–3.90)
Current main role in therapy centre Patient care 2.07 (1.15–3.71)
Clinical research Reference
Q-1: Lack of research skills Highest degree No Reference <0.001 0.403
Undergraduate (Professional/graduate) Yes 1.57 (1.04–3.25)
Current main role in therapy centre Patient care 1.24 (0.78–1.97)
Clinical research Reference
Q-9: Poor ability to critically appraise the literature Highest degree No 0.48 (0.27–0.85) <0.001 0.204
Undergraduate (Professional/graduate) Yes Reference
Q-3: Inability to apply research findings to individual patients with unique characteristics Hours of work per week <20 1.49 (0.63–3.54) <0.001 0.167
20–30 1.40 (0.69–2.84)
31–40 2.57 (1.44–4.59)
>40 Reference
Q-10: Lack of generalizability of the literature findings to my patient population Current main role in therapy centre Patient care 0.69 (0.37–1.30) <0.001 0.201
Clinical research Reference
Q-2: Lack of understanding of statistical analysis Age (y) 20–29 0.57 (0.33–0.10) <0.001 0.507
30–39 Reference
Highest degree No Reference
Undergraduate (Professional/graduate) Yes 1.90 (1.22–2.96)
Hours of work per week <20 0.41 (0.22–0.77)
20–30 0.97 (0.59–1.59)
31–40 0.68 (0.45–1.02)
>40 Reference
Current main role in therapy centre Patient care 0.67 (0.42–1.08)
Clinical research Reference
Q-7: Lack of collective support among my colleagues in my facility Current main role in therapy centre Patient care 0.68 (0.43–1.08)   
Clinical research Reference
Q-5: Understanding of the English in which articles are written Sex Male 0.43 (0.27–1.68) <0.001 0.235
Female Reference
Highest degree Yes 0.61 (0.40–0.92)
Undergraduate (Professional/graduate)
No Reference
Hours of work per week <20 0.41 (0.22–0.76)
20–30 0.97 (0.59–1.59)
31–40 0.68 (0.45–1.02)
>40 Reference
Patients per day <5 Reference
5–10 1.12 (0.62–2.03)
11–15 1.48 (0.91–2.41)
>15 1.95 (1.19–3.19)
Current main role in therapy centre Patient care 2.88 (1.17–4.10)
Clinical research Reference
  1. a95 % CI confidence interval
  2. bIn binary logistic regression, one level of the independent variable serves as a reference against which the odds of the other levels occurring are determined
  3. cNagelkerke R2