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Table 4 A comparison of the help-seeking perceptions of medical undergraduates (UGs) screening positive/negative for Major Depression, using logistic regression

From: Perceptions and intentions relating to seeking help for depression among medical undergraduates in Sri Lanka: a cross-sectional comparison with non-medical undergraduates

Help-seeking options Option rated as ‘helpful’/‘unhelpful’ Odds of those screening positive giving rating (compared with those screening negative)
% of Experts % of those Screening positive for Major Depression (n = 57-58) % of those screening negative for Major Depression (n = 498-509)
Adjusted odds ratio [95 % CI] (n = 553- 565)
Recommended professional/formal options: rated as ‘helpful’ by experts
Psychiatrist 100 79.3b 91.3 0.28** [0.13, 0.62]
Psychologist 100 77.2b 82.3 0.73 [0.36, 1.48]
Counsellor 89.2 81.0 92.7 0.31** [0.14, 0.70]
Organisation helping people to deal with problems 83.3 51.7a 52.2a 1.00 [0.56, 1.77]
Mental health professional at university psychiatry unit 100 61.4a 72.1b 0.65 [0.36, 1.18]
University medical officer 88.9 41.4a 54.1a 0.60 [0.34, 1.07]
University student counsellor 75.0 65.5 80.4 0.51* [0.28, 0.96]
Take western medicine to improve mood 97.1 50.0a 49.7a 0.99 [0.55, 1.79]
Get counselling/psychological therapy 100 81.0b 90.2 0.49 [0.22, 1.08]
Recommended informal options: rated as ‘helpful’ by experts
Friend from university 88.6 79.3 92.9 0.31** [0.14, 0.67]
Parents 78.4 86.0 94.1 0.34* [0.14, 0.82]
Boyfriend/girlfriend/spouse 83.8 78.9 90.3 0.37** [0.17, 0.78]
Talk to others who have faced similar problems 85.7 91.4 84.4 2.35 [0.81, 6.79]
Options identified as ‘unhelpful’ by experts
Deal with problem alone 86.1 50.0a 61.3b 0.68 [0.39, 1.21]
  1. *p < .05; **p < .01
  2. Expert opinion has been used as a benchmark for assessing help-seeking perceptions of undergraduates
  3. awhere the difference in ratings of UGs and mental health experts had a large effect size (≥30 %)
  4. bwhere the difference in ratings of UGs and mental health experts had a medium effect size (≥18 %)