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Table 1 Surveys on undergraduate education in palliative medicine from 2006 to 2012

From: Undergraduate education in palliative medicine in Germany: a longitudinal perspective on curricular and infrastructural development

Year 2006 2008 2010 2012
Item n % n % N % n %
Response rates of medical faculties (n = 36) 18 50.0 30 83.3 31 86.1 32 88.9
Chair in palliative medicine 5   4   8   8  
Teaching coordinators’ discipline
- Anesthesiology 5 27.8 9 30.0 8 25.8 10 31.3
- internal medicine 7 38.9 9 30.0 13 41.9 10 31.3
- neurology 2 11.1 2 6.7 2 6.5 4 12.5
- general / family practice 0 0 4 13.3 3 9.7 3 9.4
- pediatrics 0 0 0 0 1 3.2 2 6.3
- neurosurgery 0 0 1 3.3 0 0 0 0
- psycho-social care 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3.1
- psychosomatic medicine 0 0 0 0 1 3.2 1 3.1
- radiation therapy 1 5.6 1 3.3 1 3.2 1 3.1
- Dermatology 1 5.6 0 0 0 0 0 0
- medical history 1 5.6 1 3.3 0 0 0 0
- philosophy 0 0 1 3.3 0 0 0 0
- unknown 1 5.6 2 6.7 2 6.5 0 0
Organizational aspects; care structures that have been involved in undergraduate teaching
- specialized palliative care units (PCUs) 5 27.8 12 40.0 24 77.4 23 71.9
- access to PCUs at academic teaching hospitals 10 55.6 21 70.0 18 58.1 12 37.5
- specialized palliative home care teama 13 41.9 20 62.5
Final year training
- complete 16 weeks of final year training 2 11.1 5 16.7 7 22.6 8 25
- short-term rotation into palliative medicine 0 0 8 26.7 11 35.5 19 59.4
Teaching formats
- lectures 3 16.7 5 16.7 15 48.4 30 93.8
- bedside-teachingb 12 38.7 15 46.9
- optional in-depth coursesc 10 55.6 19 63.3 21 67.7 6 18.8
Teaching methodsb
- actors as patients 8 25.8 17 53.1
- e-learning 2 6.5 7 21.9
Examination
- mandatory examination 5 27.8 3 10.0
- Multiple Choiceb 10 32.3 27 84.4
- OSCEb 3 9.7 4 12.5
- oral examinationb 2 6.5 6 18.8
- thesisb 1 3.2 5 15.6
  1. Multiple answers were permitted; %/ response rates
  2. ahas been defined by legislation in Germany not earlier than in 2007
  3. bnot collected 2006/2008
  4. c2010, in 13 faculties palliative medicine offered as mandatory subject and in in-depth courses, in 8 faculties only offered in in-depth courses