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Table 4 Factorial rANOVA and post hoc test results for the interaction of groups and depression, anxiety, stress, GSE, the SWLS, credibility, and expectancy

From: The impact of a self-development coaching programme on medical and dental students’ psychological health and academic performance: a randomised controlled trial

  Within subject effect df(F), p Between subject effect df(F), p Post hoc test Time *group df(F), p
Depression 1.91(4.22), p = .017 1.91(4.22), p = .017  
T1-T2 *group    1(6.33), p = .012
T2-T3 *group    1(7.64), p = .006
T1-T3 *group    1(0.01), p = .934
Anxiety 1.83(66.14), p < .001 1.83(4.03), p = .021  
T1-T2 *group    1(7.96), p = .005
T2-T3 *group    1(2.08), p = .15
T1-T3 *group    1(2.03), p = .156
Stress 1.91(78.59), p < .001 1.91(1.77), p = .172  
T1-T2 *group    1(2), p = .158
T2-T3 *group    1(0.18), p = .676
T1-T3 *group    1(2.68), p = .103
GSE 1.93(7.23), p = .001 1.93(1.02), p = .358  
T1-T2 *group    1(1.4), p = .238
T2-T3 *group    1(0.06), p = .805
T1-T3 *group    1(1.52), p = .218
SWLS 1.91(16.3), p < .001 1.91(1.99), p = .14  
T1-T2 *group    1(1.97), p = .161
T2-T3 *group    1(0.44), p = .51
T1-T3 *group    1(3.14), p = .077
Credibility 1(1.23), p = .269 1(45.17), p < .001  
T1-T2 *group    1(45.17), p < .001
Expectancy 1(4.68), p = .031 1(28.14), p < .001  
T1-T2 *group    1(28.14), p < .001
WG 1(86.06), p < .001 1(1.55), p = .214  
T1-T2 *groupa    1(1.55), p = .214
  1. Abbreviation: T1 before the intervention at week 1; T2 one week after the intervention at week-2; T3 five weeks after the intervention at week 6; M mean; SD standard deviation; df degrees of freedom; p p-value; GSE General Self-Efficacy; SWLS Satisfaction With Life Scale
  2. * refers to statistical interaction
  3. aFor WG row, T1 = students’ weighted grades before the intervention, and in column T2, after the intervention, for simplicity in data presentation