Skip to main content

Table 3 The mean scores for depression, anxiety, stress, GSE, the SWLS, credibility, expectancy and WG at T1, T2, T3 for the IG and CG, and the results of the rANOVA after data were split by group

From: The impact of a self-development coaching programme on medical and dental students’ psychological health and academic performance: a randomised controlled trial

   T1 M (SD) T2 M (SD) T3 M (SD)
Depression IG 12.79 (9.42)ab 7.08 (7.04)c 9.28 (8.6)
  CG 12.32 (9.31)ab 8.76 (7.76) 8.88 (8.27)
Anxiety IG 11.36 (9.15)ab 5.99 (6.20)c 7.46 (8.1)
  CG 9.97 (8.48)ab 6.79 (6.88) 7.31 (6.95)
Stress IG 16.81 (9.94)ab 11.03 (7.43) 11.24 (8.56)
  CG 16.06 (9.02)ab 11.57 (8.71) 12.12 (8.66)
GSE IG 27.45 (4.71)ab 28.49 (5.25) 28.48 (5.69)
  CG 27.17 (4.20) 27.70 (4.38) 27.50 (5.04)
SWLS IG 24.13 (6.61)ab 25.81 (6.43) 25.42 (6.31)
  CG 24.31 (6.11)a 25.35 (6.38) 24.67 (6.63)
Credibility IG 23.29 (5.91)a 26.06 (6.03) -
  CG 23.00 (5.08)a 21.02 (7.00) -
Expectancy IG 23.46 (6.34)a 24.63 (6.61) -
  CG 22.28 (5.76)a 19.52 (7.85) -
WGd IG 81.1 (8.42)a 83.55 (7.22) -
  CG 80.26 (10.31)a 82.56 (6.91) -
  1. Abbreviation: IG interventional group; CG control group; T1 before the intervention at week 1; T2 one week after the intervention at week-2; T3 five weeks after the intervention at week 6; M mean; SD standard deviation; GSE General Self-Efficacy; SWLS Satisfaction With Life Scale
  2. ap-value < .05 for rANOVA post hoc test for T1-T2
  3. bp-value < .05 for rANOVA post hoc test for T1-T3
  4. cp-value < .05 for rANOVA post hoc test for T2-T3
  5. dWG in column T1 = students’ weighted grades before the intervention, and in column T2, after the intervention, for simplicity in data presentation