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Table 4 CPR performance and team leader verbalizationsa

From: Effect of CRM team leader training on team performance and leadership behavior in simulated cardiac arrest scenarios: a prospective, randomized, controlled study

  CRM-TL training (n = 24) ALS add-on training (n = 21) Difference (95 % CI) p
CPR performance measures     
 No-flow time (%) 27.75 (6.09) 29.09 (6.71) 1.34 (95 % CI −2.5, 5.2) 0.485
 Adherence to ALS Guidelines (60 = high, −37 = low) 37.58 (6.02) 31.41 (7.06) −6.4 (95 % CI −10.3, −2.4) 0.002
Team leader verbalization categoriesb     
 Direct orders (%) 2.29 (1.20) 0.47 (0.40) −1.82 (95 % CI −2.4, −1.2) <0.001
 Undirected orders (%) 3.90 (1.70) 2.08 (1.46) −1.82 (95 % CI −2.8, −0.9) <0.001
 Planning (%) 0.44 (0.47) 0.17 (0.24) −0.27 (95 % CI −0.5, −0.05) 0.018
 Task assignments (%) 0.11 (0.16) 0.02 (0.05) −0.09 (95 % CI −0.2, −0.01) 0.023
  1. a Data are means (SD)
  2. b Proportions of total team verbalization