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Table 1 Factors Examined as Potentially Influencing an Interest in a Career in Geriatrics by medical students

From: Why medical students do not choose a career in geriatrics: a systematic review

Factors Influence to the interest in geriatrics
  Articles qualitative Articles quantitative
Medical school characteristics   
Department of geriatric medicine   9 + s
Preclinical education in geriatrics   10 + ns, 11 + ns, 12 ns
Preclinical elective education in geriatrics   14 + s
Clinical education in geriatrics   14 + s, 16 + s, 17+, 18+, 19 ns
Knowledge of geriatrics   12 ns, 22 ns, 23 ns, 24 ns
Medical student characteristics   
Previous personal contact with elderly/care of elderly 25+ 23 ns, 19 + s, 22 + s, 15 ns, 20 ns, 23 ns, 26 ns, 27 + s
Female gender   15 ns, 20+, 22+, 26+
Age of the student   15 ns, 20 ns, 26 ns
Ethnic backgrounds of the student   15 ns, 26 ns
Medical students’ fear about aging and death 25+  
Attitudes towards the elderly   15 + s, 22 +s, 23 ns, 26 + s
Seeing themselves as a healer 25-  
Seeing themselves as a caretaker 25+  
Medical students’ perception of characteristics geriatrics   
Few are cured/no direct benefit 25-, 28-  
Management of chronic illness   20-s, 17-s
Focus on quality of life 25 − + 20-s
Complexity of geriatric patients 28-(+)  
Not feeling comfortable with ambiguity   20-s
Low financial reward 28- 20-s, 17-s
Possibility to work part-time/perceived lighter call schedule   17 + s
Length of training (five years)   20-s
Lack of prestige 28- 20-s
  1. Numbers are reference numbers
  2. +s significant (P < .05) positive influence, + positive influence, significance not mentioned, ns not significant (P > .05), -s significant negative influence, -negative influence, significance not mentioned, (+) positive influence for a small percentage of students