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Table 2 Responses to attitudinal questions for all Years, Pre-Clinical compared to Post-Clinical, Pre-CR compared to Post-CR stages in the medical program

From: Motivating medical students to do research: a mixed methods study using Self-Determination Theory

  Yr 1 Yr 2 Yr 3 Yr 4 Yr 5 Pre-Clinical Clinical Pre-CR Post-CR
Attitude question Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Conducting Research is advantageous for medical career 1.8(0.7)a 1.9(0.6)a 1.7(0.7)a,b 1.5(0.6)b 1.6(0.7)b 1.8(0.7) 1.6(0.7)* 1.8(0.7) 1.6(0.7)*
Research only suited to those wanting an academic career 3.6(0.8)a 3.6(0.8)a 3.6(0.8)a 3.7(0.8)a 3.6(0.9)a 3.6(0.8) 3.6(0.8) 3.6(0.8) 3.6(0.9)
A research career is difficult to combine with a clinical career 2.9(0.9)a 2.9(0.8)a 3.1(1.0)a 3.1(1.0)a 3.0(0.9)a 2.9(0.9) 3.0(1.0) 3.0(0.9) 3.0(0.9)
Research is important for keeping up to date in clinical field 2.1(0.8)a 2.2(0.9)a 2.3(1.0)a 2.0(0.9)a,b 2.4(1.0)a,c 2.2(0.8) 2.3(1.0) 2.2(0.9) 2.3(1.0)
Research means a lower salary 3.2(0.8)a 3.1(0.8)a 2.8(0.8)b 3.1(0.8)a,b 3.1(0.8)a,b 3.1(0.8) 3.0(0.8) 3.1(0.8) 3.1(0.8)
Bureaucracy surrounding research is a significant deterrent 2.8(0.9)a 2.9(0.9)a 2.5(0.8)b 2.3(0.9)c 2.5(1.0)c 2.8(0.9) 2.5(0.9)* 2.8(0.9) 2.4(1.0)*
Likely to pursue research after degree (%) 50(26)a 45(26)a,b 59(29)a,c 64(27)c 67(27)c 48(26) 64(28)* 51(27) 66(27)*
  1. Three statistical analyses were used to test group differences. Attitude questions were coded as 1 = Strongly agree, 2 = Agree, 3 = Neutral, 4 = Disagree, and 5 = Strongly disagree. *indicates statistical significance at p < 0.001 level for the 1) pre-clinical and clinical groupings as well as the 2) pre-CR and post-CR. 3) a,b,c indicate groupings for years that are not statistically different from one another at the p < 0.05 level