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Table 3 Multiple logistic regression models among female and male MDs/PhDs with number of published research articles as the outcome variable

From: Possible reasons why female physicians publish fewer scientific articles than male physicians – a cross-sectional study

Group Predictors OR 95% CI p
Female     
Demographic factors Age 3.22 1.36-7.61 0.008
Work-related factors Academic position 3.09 1.87-5.12 <.001
  Collaboration with former PhD advisor 2.97 1.22-7.20 0.016
  Control at work 1.02 0.63-1.65 NS
Psychological distress Exhaustion 0.29 0.12-0.70 0.006
Male     
Demographic factors Age 2.30 1.31-4.04 0.004
Work-related factors Academic position 2.54 1.92-3.36 <.001
  Collaboration with former PhD advisor 2.10 1.08-4.10 0.030
  Control at work 1.50 1.08-2.09 0.017
Psychological distress Exhaustion 1.13 0.64-1.97 NS
  1. Multiple logistic regression with adjustment for non-significant socio-demographic factors: civil status and number of children.
  2. CI = Confidence Interval. NS = Statistically non-significant (p >0,05).