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Table 2 Self-efficacy, attitudes and behaviour across students randomised to blended and didactic learning approaches

From: A randomised controlled trial of a blended learning education intervention for teaching evidence-based medicine

Question Blended learning (Mean ± SD) n=44 Didactic learning (Mean ± SD) n=38 Mean difference (95%CI)
Practice of evidence-based practice
1. How often have you formulated a clearly answerable question as the beginning of the process towards filling an information gap? 6.22 ± 0.16 4.21 ± 0.33 2.01 (1.29 to 2.73)*
2. How often have you tracked down the relevant evidence once you have formulated the question? 6.13 ± 0.20 5.05 ± 0.24 1.08 (0.45 to 1.7)*
3. How often have you critically appraised any literature you have discovered? 5.63 ± 0.27 4.26 ± 0.32 1.37 (0.52 to 2.2)*
4. How often have you integrated the evidence you have found with your activities? 5.72 ± 0.27 4.10 ± 0.28 1.62 (0.82 to 2.41)*
5. How often have you evaluated the outcomes of your EBCP practice? 5.50 ± 0.28 3.26 ± 0.36 2.24 (1.31 to 3.15)*
6. How often have you shared information that you’ve gathered with colleagues? 5.50 ± 0.34 4.78 ± 0.32 0.72 (−0.23 to 1.65)
Attitude towards evidence-based practice
7. New evidence is so important that I make the time in my work schedule 5.09 ± 0.32 3.73 ± 0.21 1.36 (0.56 to 2.14)*
8. I welcome questions on my practice 6.09 ± 0.22 5.31 ± 0.18 0.78 (0.19 to 1.35)*
9. Evidence based practice is fundamental to professional practice 6.63 ± 0.12 6.15 ± 0.14 0.48 (0.09 to 0.85)*
10. My practice has changed because of evidence I have found 5.68 ± 0.21 5.10 ± 0.23 0.58 (−0.04 to 1.20)
Knowledge/skills associated with evidence-based practice
11. How would you rate your research skills? 5.09 ± 0.21 3.73 ± 0.19 1.36 (0.78 to 1.92)*
12. How would you rate your IT skills? 5.68 ± 0.24 4.47 ± 0.22 1.21 (0.54 to 1.87)*
13. How would you rate your ability to monitor and review your EBCP skills? 5.22 ± 0.26 3.73 ± 0.20 1.49 (0.80 to 2.17)*
14. How would you rate your ability to convert your information needs into a clinical question? 5.95 ± 0.19 4.68 ± 0.15 1.27 (0.76 to 1.77)*
15. How would you rate your awareness of major information types and sources? 5.27 ± 0.25 5.26 ± 0.13 0.01 (−0.59 to 0.61)
16. How would you rate your ability to identify gaps in your professional practice? 4.81 ± 0.19 4.36 ± 0.20 0.45 (−0.12 to 1.02)
17. How would you rate your knowledge of how to retrieve evidence? 5.31 ± 0.24 4.94 ± 0.18 0.37 (−0.25 to 1.00)
18. How would you rate your ability to analyse critically evidence? 5.09 ± 0.20 4.15 ± 0.16 0.94 (0.40 to 1.46)*
19. How would you rate your ability to determine how valid (close to the truth) the material is? 5.00 ± 0.26 4.05 ± 0.19 0.95 (0.27 to 1.61)*
20. How would you rate your ability to determine how useful (clinically applicable) the material is? 5.68 ± 0.18 4.57 ± 0.12 1.11 (0.64 to 1.56)*
21. How would you rate your ability to apply information to individual cases? 5.40 ± 0.18 4.78 ± 0.17 0.62 (0.10 to 1.13)*
22. How would you rate your sharing of ideas and information with colleagues? 5.18 ± 0.27 4.84 ± 0.19 0.34 (−0.35 to 1.03)
23. How would you rate your dissemination of new ideas about care to colleagues? 5.31 ± 0.27 3.89 ± 0.16 1.42 (0.75 to 2.09)*
24. How would you rate your ability to review your own practice? 5.22 ± 0.24 4.15 ± 0.14 1.07 (0.47 to 1.66)*
  1. *p-value < 0.05.