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Table 1 Mean performance (SD) on the pre-test and post-test expressed as a percentage of the maximum score

From: Example-based learning: comparing the effects of additionally providing three different integrative learning activities on physiotherapy intervention knowledge

   a) Self-explanation b) Concept mapping c) Concept map study Tukey post-hoc HSD
P a-b P a-c P b-c
Pre-test (% max. score) Concept. knowledge 48.89 (16.91) 49.44 (17.77) 50.00 (20.18)    
Problem-solving 41.27 (9.30) 35.37 (9.95) 37.95 (11.44)    
Post-test (% max. score) Concept. knowledge 52.78 (17.00) 52.22 (21.77) 68.82 (21.83) .994 .008 .006
Problem-solving 63.16 (16.02) 50.98 (13.60) 53.34 (16.37) .008 .038 .821
  1. Concept. knowledge: Conceptual knowledge. P a -b, P a -c, P b -c : P values for comparisons between self-explanation and concept mapping, self-explanation versus concept map study and concept-mapping versus concept map study, respectively. P values < .05 are in bold.