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Table 1 Study characteristics

From: Educating medical trainees on medication reconciliation: a systematic review

Author; year N Intervention Experimental or curriculum-integrated Level of training Specialty Outcomes measured Results
Bray-Hall et al. 2010 [26] 98 Interactive group sessions, self-directed learning exercises, patient interaction at discharge and home visit Curriculum-integrated Undergraduate clerkship Internal medicine Confidence in transitional care (5-point scale) Increased confidence, 2.7 to 4.0 (p<0.01)
Mann et al. 2011 [30] 226 15 minute standardized patient discharge encounter Experimental Residency Various Proportion of high performers in discharge counselling domains (includes medication reconciliation) 37.2% of participants considered high performers in medication reconciliation. Residents from programs with primary care component had more high performers (p=0.031)
Morgan-Gouveia et al. 2013 [28] 78 Reflective exercise and transitions in care workshop Experimental Undergraduate clerkship Internal medicine N/A (qualitative study) N/A
Ouchida et al. 2009 [29] 103 Interdisciplinary lectures, educational video, small-group discussion and team-based learning exercise Curriculum-integrated Undergraduate clerkship Internal medicine Knowledge, attitude, behaviours within domains of transitional care Significant improvements for all domains assessed
Weisman et al. 2012 [25] 20 Resident phone call within 72 hours of discharge Experimental Residency Internal medicine Attitude and competence No change
Young et al. 2011 [31] 13 Home visit to recently discharged patient Experimental Residency Internal medicine Confidence in transitional care No change for medication reconciliation skills
Lindquist et al. 2008 [27] 158 Lecture from pharmacist, medication reconciliation simulation Curriculum-integrated Undergraduate Year 2 N/A Knowledge/ comfort obtaining medication histories Increase of 27% (p<0.01) in knowledge and increase of 20% (p<.001) in comfort level