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Table 4 Correct and sure responses for specific knowledge questions (n = 28)

From: Usability and knowledge testing of educational tools about infant vaccination pain management directed to postnatal nurses

  Frequency at baseline (%) Frequency after review of pamphlet and video (%)
1. Giving sugar water can reduce pain and distress.* 13 (46) 26 (93)
2. Using medicines like acetaminophen (Tylenol, Tempra), or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) can reduce pain and distress. 0 (0) 0 (0)
3. Putting ice on the skin can reduce pain and distress. 2 (7) 13 (46)
4. Breastfeeding can reduce pain and distress.* 21 (75) 27 (96)
5. Bottle feeding can reduce pain and distress. 6 (21) 17 (61)
6. Holding the baby can reduce pain and distress.* 18 (64) 27 (96)
7. Using numbing (anaesthetic) medicines can reduce pain and distress.* 15 (54) 25 (89)
8. Distracting the baby can reduce pain and distress.* 7 (25) 26 (93)
9. Acting calm can reduce pain and distress.* 8 (29) 24 (86)
10. Rubbing the skin can reduce pain and distress. 6 (21) 12 (43)
11. Performing intramuscular injections quickly without prior aspiration can reduce pain and distress.* 4 (14) 25 (89)
12. Giving the most painful vaccine first if multiple vaccines are injected sequentially can reduce pain and distress.* 9 (32) 20 (71)
  1. *Information featured prominently in the educational material.