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Table 1 Group characteristics of the study groups

From: The benefit of repetitive skills training and frequency of expert feedback in the early acquisition of procedural skills

Group characteristics High-frequency feedback group (HFF group) N = 23 Low-frequency feedback group (LFF group) N = 24 p-value
Age (years) 21.00 ± 2.94 20.62 ± 1.74 .5961
Sex (m/f) 12 (52.17%)/11 (47.82%) 12 (50.00%)/12 (50.00%) .8822
General self-efficacy rating 30.83 ± 3.42 30.42 ± 4.15 .8421
Education in a medical profession 3 (13.04%) 1 (4.16%) .2762
Medical electives 20 (86.95%) 21 (87.50%) .9552
Kolb learning style inventory
Concrete experience (feeling) 24.61 ± 7.65 24.79 ± 5.85 .9271
Reflective observation (watching) 30.30 ± 6.88 29.88 ± 5.54 .8151
Abstract conceptualization (thinking) 31.34 ± 8.61 32.37 ± 7.43 .6631
Active experimentation (doing) 33.30 ± 7.55 32.95 ± 5.28 .8561
  1. 1t-test.
  2. 2χ2 test.
  3. Group characteristics of the high-frequency feedback group (HFF group, N = 23) and the low-frequency feedback group (LFF group, N = 24) are depicted regarding:
  4. • age (age; mean ± standard deviation; Student’s t-test, p-values).
  5. • sex (male/female; N and %, chi-square test, p-values).
  6. • general self-efficacy rating prior to skills training (score of 10 items using Likert-scale ratings; 4 = I fully agree; 1 = I completely disagree; mean ± standard deviation; M-W-U-Test, p-values).
  7. • completed education as paramedic, medical secretary, nurse, or occupational therapist.
  8. • (N, % and chi-square test p-values).
  9. • completed electives in surgery, internal medicine, pediatrics, or psychiatry (N, % and chi-square test, p-values).