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Table 3 Ways of Coping, Median Test and Kruskal-Wallis Test - a comparison of coping strategies by group

From: Graduate entry and undergraduate medical students’ study approaches, stress levels and ways of coping: a five year longitudinal study

Baseline
  Median Test Kruskal-Wallis Test
      Mean Rank  
Coping Strategy   UG GEMP p-value UG GEMP p-value
Confrontive Coping > Median 85 15 0.006* 121.96 93.5 0.005*
<= Median 88 41    
Distancing > Median 81 18 0.076** 119.91 99.83 0.048*
<= Median 92 38    
Self Controlling > Median 79 22 0.496 118.63 103.79 0.144
<= Median 94 34    
Seeks Social Supports > Median 78 25 0.923 113.46 119.76 0.535
<= Median 95 31    
Accepting Responsibility > Median 96 14 0.00* 125.77 81.73 0.000*
<= Median 77 42    
Escape Avoidance > Median 90 17 0.008* 124.03 87.12 0.000*
<= Median 83 39    
Planful Problem Solving > Median 59 31 0.008* 107.51 138.13 0.037*
<= Median 114 25    
Positive Reappraisal > Median 81 24 0.717 115.6 113.12 0.808
<= Median 92 32    
Pooled Annual
  Median Test   Kruskal-Wallis Test
      Mean Rank  
Coping Strategy   UG GEMP p-value UG GEMP p-value
Confrontive Coping > Median 212 74 0.001* 306.95 254.46 0.000*
<= Median 180 113    
Distancing > Median 202 67 0.000* 310.09 247.88 0.000*
<= Median 190 120    
Self Controlling > Median 173 75 0.360 299.83 269.39 0.040*
<= Median 219 112    
Seeks Social Supports > Median 165 92 0.108 285.35 299.75 0.331
<= Median 227 95    
Accepting Responsibility > Median 208 77 0.007* 302.45 263.91 0.009*
<= Median 184 110    
Escape Avoidance > Median 198 67 0.001* 309.08 249.99 0.000*
<= Median 194 120    
Planful Problem Solving > Median 154 92 0.024* 277.38 316.45 0.008*
<= Median 238 95    
Positive Reappraisal > Median 192 88 0.665 291.85 286.12 0.699
<= Median 200 99    
  1. *Significant with 95% confidence.
  2. **Significant with 90% confidence.