Skip to main content

Table 2 Median and Kruskal-Wallis Test Results for Approaches to Learning by Group

From: Graduate entry and undergraduate medical students’ study approaches, stress levels and ways of coping: a five year longitudinal study

Baseline
Median Test Kruskal-WallisTest
      Mean Rank  
Approach to Learning   UG GEMP p-value UG GEMP p-value
Deep Approach > Median 29 35 0.006* 57.41 78.84 0.001*
<= Median 47 21    
Deep Motive > Median 30 28 0.228 59.01 76.67 0.008*
<= Median 46 28    
Deep Strategic > Median 26 33 0.005* 57.52 78.69 0.002*
<= Median 50 23    
Superficial Approach > Median 47 18 0.001* 77.31 51.83 0.000*
<= Median 29 38    
Superficial Motive > Median 40 14 0.001* 77.51 51.55 0.000*
<= Median 36 42    
Superficial Strategic > Median 45 20 0.008* 75.50 54.29 0.002*
<= Median 31 36    
Pooled Annual
Median Test Kruskal-WallisTest
  Mean Rank  
Approach to Learning   UG GEMP p-value UG GEMP p-value
Deep Approach > Median 181 101 0.078** 274.84 321.78 0.002*
<= Median 211 86    
Deep Motive > Median 147 94 0.004* 270.11 331.7 0.000*
<= Median 245 93    
Deep Strategic > Median 146 72 0.770 281.6 307.6 0.079**
<= Median 246 115    
Superficial Approach > Median 205 66 0.000* 309.73 248.64 0.000*
<= Median 187 121    
Superficial Motive > Median 199 85 0.232 307.86 252.55 0.000*
<= Median 193 102    
Superficial Strategic > Median 188 60 0.000* 308.61 250.99 0.000*
<= Median 204 127    
  1. *Significant with 95% confidence.
  2. **Significant with 90% confidence.