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Table 4 Pre- and post-means and standard deviations for all measures (Practical exam, clinical skills self-confidence, engagement in lifelong learning, and clinical knowledge test)

From: Simulated learning in musculoskeletal assessment and rehabilitation education: comparing the effect of a simulation-based learning activity with a peer-based learning activity

Assessment instrument and group N Time Mean Std. Dev. p
Practical Exam 43 2 11.97 4.62  
Peer-patient 22 2 10.18 3.78  
Standardised patient 21 2 13.47 4.91 .018*
Pre-Clinical skills self-confidence 43 1 2.71 1.06  
Peer-patient 22 1 2.56 .963  
Standardised patient 21 1 3.60 .694  
Post-Clinical skills self-confidence 43 2 3.97 .897 .000*
Peer-patient 22 2 2.87 1.15  
Standardised patient 21 2 4.40 .897  
Pre-Engagement in lifelong learning 43 1 3.11 1.08  
Peer-patient 22 1 2.77 .956  
Standardised patient 21 1 3.44 1.13  
Post-Engagement in lifelong learning 43 2 3.53 1.09 .003*
Peer-patient 22 2 3.12 .963  
Standardised patient 21 2 3.93 1.09  
Pre-Clinical knowledge test 43 1 4.88 2.77  
Peer-patient 22 1 5.04 2.73  
Standardised patient 21 1 4.71 2.88  
Post-Clinical knowledge test 43 2 11.88 2.70 .000*
Peer-patient 22 2 11.50 3.05  
Standardised patient 21 2 12.28 2.28  
  1. *significant at p < 0.05.