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Table 2 Third year medical students’ Jefferson Scale of Empathy mean scores over time by group (N = 106)

From: Art-making in a family medicine clerkship: how does it affect medical student empathy?

Group Pre-test Post-test Group X time
Mean SD Mean SD F p -value
Workshop (n)       
Art-making (48)* 106.6 12.4 102.2 14.3 2.38 0.13
Problem-solving (58) 107.2 11.5 106.6 14.7
Gender (n)       
Male (63) 107.1 11.9 104.3 15.9 0.24 0.62
Female (43) 106.7 11.9 105.1 12.7
Age (years) (n)       
18-20 (36) 109.8 9.3 106.6 13.6 0.22 0.80
21-23 (61) 105.2 12.4 103.1 15.3
>23 (9) 107.2 15.9 107.0 13.6
Route of admission       
JUPAS (40) 102.9 10.6 100.4 14.5 0.02 0.98
EAS (38) 109.4 10.5 107.5 13.9
Others (28) 109.3 13.9 106.7 14.8
  1. *t(47) =2.57, p-value <0.05 by paired t-test.