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Table 2 Socio-demographic comparison between students on the PBL and non-PBL programmes

From: A comparison of course-related stressors in undergraduate problem-based learning (PBL) versus non-PBL medical programmes

Demographic   PBL Non-PBL Test Value P-Value
   N = 83 N = 197 (Chi-Squared if not otherwise specified)  
Age Median 22 20 Kolmogorov Smirnov Z 2.545 < 0.0001
  IQR ¤ 6 1 Mann Whitney U 5108.5 < 0.0001
  Range 32 (19 - 51) 22 (19 - 41)   
Sex Male 28 (33.7%) 77 (39.1%) 0.714 0.398
  Female 55 (66.3%) 120 (60.9%)   
Previous degree Yes 40 ( 48.2% ) 33 ( 16.8% ) 29.951 < 0.0001
  No 43 ( 51.8% ) 164 ( 83.2% )   
International student Yes 12 (14.5%) 18 (9.2%) 1.69 0.194
  No 71 (85.5%) 178 (90.8%)   
English as first language Yes 70 ( 84.3% ) 188 ( 95.9% ) 11.236 0.001
  No 13 ( 15.7% ) 8 ( 4.1% )   
Accommodation UA ¤ 4 ( 4.8% ) 16 ( 8.1% ) 22.446 < 0.0001
  PRA ¤ 59 ( 71.1% ) 171 ( 86.8% )   
  FH ¤ 7 ( 8.4% ) 3 ( 1.5% )   
  Other 13 ( 15.7% ) 7 ( 3.6% )   
Physical illness Yes 7 (8.4%) 22 (11.2%) 0.47 0.493
  No 76 (89.6%) 175 (88.8%)   
Mental illness Never 74 (89.2%) 183 (92.9%) 1.097 0.578
  Previous 3 (3.6%) 5 (2.5%)   
  Current 6 (7.2%) 9 (4.6%)   
Recent life events Yes 22 ( 26.8% ) 31 ( 15.7% ) 4.63 0.031
  No 60 ( 73.2% ) 166 ( 84.3% )   
Financial stress Yes 19 (22.9%) 38 (19.4%) 0.44 0.507
  No 64 (77.1%) 158 (80.6%)   
  1. ¤ Abbreviations: IQR = Interquartile Range; UA = University Accommodation; PRA = Private Rented Accommodation; FH = Family Home