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Table 1 Frequency of responses for each course-related stressor by course type

From: A comparison of course-related stressors in undergraduate problem-based learning (PBL) versus non-PBL medical programmes

Question Course type Agree Disagree χ2 Odds Ratio
   N (%) N (%) (P-Value) (95% CI)
1. I am enjoying being at medical school PBL 77 (96.2%) 3 (3.8%) 0.16 0.916
  Non-PBL 188 (95.9%) 8 (4.1%) (0.898) (0.237 - 3.543)
2. I feel studying this medical course puts me under significant amounts of stress at the moment PBL 51 (63.0%) 30 (37.0%) 1.098 1.339
  Non-PBL 132 (69.5%) 58 (30.5%) (0.295) (0.775 - 2.312)
3. I do not know what the faculty expect of me PBL 32 ( 39.0% ) 50 ( 61.0% ) 11.338 0.383
  Non-PBL 38 ( 19.7% ) 155 ( 80.3% ) (0.001) (0.217 - 0.676)
4. There are too many small group sessions facilitated only by students, which results in an unclear curriculum PBL 23 ( 28.4% ) 58 ( 71.6% ) 35.449 0.096
  Non-PBL 7 ( 3.7% ) 184 ( 96.3% ) (< 0.0001) (0.039 - 0.235)
5. I am concerned that I will be unable to master the entire pool of medical knowledge PBL 60 (75.0%) 20 (25.0%) 1.487 0.694
  Non-PBL 129 (67.5%) 62 (32.5%) (0.223) (0.385 - 1.251)
6. Medical school is more competitive than I expected PBL 34 (42.0%) 47 (58.0%) 0.692 1.248
  Non-PBL 93 (47.4%) 103 (52.6%) (0.406) (0.740 - 2.105)
7. I feel the course relies on passive reception of knowledge rather than active learning PBL 22 (27.2%) 59 (72.8%) 1.295 1.395
  Non-PBL 65 (34.2%) 125 (65.8%) (0.255) (0.785 - 2.476)
8. I feel that the type of education I'm receiving is not giving me adequate preparation for clinical years PBL 15 ( 18.3% ) 67 ( 81.7% ) 7.348 0.351
  Non-PBL 14 ( 7.3% ) 178 ( 92.7% ) (0.007) (0.161 - 0.767)
9. I feel there is a lack of time to carry out personal study based on course content PBL 39 (47.6%) 43 (52.4%) 1.233 0.745
  Non-PBL 77 (40.3%) 114 (59.7%) (0.267) (0.442 - 1.254)
10. I feel there is a lack of opportunity to explore academic subjects of interest PBL 41 ( 50.0% ) 41 ( 50.0% ) 6.354 0.512
  Non-PBL 66 ( 33.8% ) 129 ( 66.2% ) (0.012) (0.303 - 0.865)
11. I feel there is a lack of encouragement from teachers PBL 22 ( 26.8% ) 60 ( 73.2% ) 5.262 1.934
  Non-PBL 78 ( 41.5% ) 110 ( 58.5% ) (0.022) (1.096 - 3.413)
12. I feel there is a lack of feedback from teachers PBL 50 (61.7%) 31 (38.3%) 0.752 1.27
  Non-PBL 129 (67.2%) 63 (32.8%) (0.386) (0.740 - 2.178)
13. The medical course fosters a sense of anonymity and feelings of isolation amongst students PBL 16 ( 20.3% ) 63 ( 79.7% ) 11.521 2.848
  Non-PBL 81 ( 42.0% ) 112 ( 58.0% ) (0.001) (1.534 - 5.287)
14. Medical training controls my life and leaves little time for other activities PBL 36 ( 43.9% ) 46 ( 56.1% ) 4.92 0.548
  Non-PBL 57 ( 30.0% ) 133 ( 70.0% ) (0.027) (0.321 - 0.935)
15. I feel there is a lack of support from peers PBL 14 (17.3%) 67 (82.7%) 2.617 0.547
  Non-PBL 20 (10.3%) 175 (89.7%) (0.106) (0.261 - 1.145)
16. This course conforms to my prior expectations PBL 52 ( 65.0% ) 28 ( 35.0% ) 6.044 2.046
  Non-PBL 152 ( 79.2% ) 40 ( 20.8% ) (0.014) (1.150 - 3.642)