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Table 1 Learning opportunities for teaching evidence based medicine (EBM) in clinical practice

From: Teaching trainers to incorporate evidence-based medicine (EBM) teaching in clinical practice: the EU-EBM project

EBM Steps
Learning Opportunities Formulating Questions Searching for Evidence Critical Appraisal Integrating Evidence with Clinical scenario Bringing Change to Practice
Ward Round +++ (+) + +++ +
Journal Club + ++ +++ + +
Clinical Teaching And Assessment ++ (+) ++ +++ +
Outpatients Clinic +++ (+) ++ +++ +
Formal Clinical Meeting +++ (+) + ++ +
Audit ++ ++ ++ + +++
  1. Each clinical setting offers varying opportunities to teach application of the 5 EBM steps.
  2. (+) Opportunity may arise + Minimal opportunity
  3. ++ Moderate opportunity +++ Maximum opportunity