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Table 3 Variables that were significantly associated with female advantage or male advantage in univariate analyses

From: Evidence of gender bias in True-False-Abstain medical examinations

Variable B SE p * OR
Females advantage     
Year     
   1995    not sig  
   1996    not sig  
   1997    not sig  
   1998    not sig  
   1999    not sig  
   2000    not sig  
   2001 1.773 .536 0.001 5.89
   2002 reference    
Theme A vs. all others -.823 .312 .008 0.44
Theme B vs. all others -.816 .260 .002 0.44
Theme C vs. all others -.823 .312 .008 0.44
Theme D vs. all others 1.498 .322 <.001 4.47
having some in-class assessment 1.822 .493 <.001 6.19
having some short-answer questions 1.008 .264 <.001 2.74
having some TFA questions -1.700 .345 <.001 0.18
Males advantage     
Theme A vs all others -1.248 .624 .045 0.29
Theme B vs all others 2.315 .622 <.001 10.12
Theme C vs all others -1.248 .624 .045 0.29
having some short answer questions -1.548 .745 .038 0.21
having some TFA questions 3.260 .744 <.001 26.04
  1. corrected for multiple comparisons
  2. OR = Odds ratio; Theme A = the cell; Theme B = the man; Theme C = the society; Theme D = the doctor.