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Table 1 Results of the "single findings-rating": Percentage of correct ratings

From: Towards a basic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing in acute stroke – identification of salient findings by the inexperienced examiner

  Task Number Main finding in the video sample Correct ratings
Handling of Secr. 1 Aspiration without protective reflex 94%
  2 No penetration or aspiration 100%
  3 Aspiration without protective reflex 100%
  4 Penetration with protective reflex 94%
  Mean Score   97%
Puree consistency 5 No penetration or aspiration; no residues 76%
  6 Penetration without protective reflex; no residues 100%
  7 Aspiration without protective reflex; no residues 82%
  8 Aspiration without protective reflex; residues in s.p. 76%
  Mean Score   83.5%
Liquids 9 No penetration or aspiration 82%
  10 Penetration with protective reflex 53%
  11 No penetration or aspiration 100%
  12 Aspiration with protective reflex 100%
  Mean Score   83.8%
Semisolid food 13 No penetration or aspiration 94%
  14 Penetration without protective reflex; residues in the vallec. 100%
  15 Penetration without protective reflex; residues in the s.p. 76%
  16 Penetration without protective reflex; residues in the vallec. 94%
  Mean Score   91%
Overall Mean Score   88.8%
  1. Secr. = Secretions, s.p. = sinus pyriformis; vallec. = valleculae.
  2. This table summarizes the percentage of correct ratings in the "single findings-rating". Four video sequences (second column) belong to the category "handling of secretion", "puree consistency", "liquids", and "semisolid food", respectively. The third column gives the main finding of the respective video sample. In the fourth column the percentage of correct ratings is stated. For example, the third video sequence of "puree consistency" showed as main pathological finding "aspiration without protective reflexes, no residues". 82% of the raters suggested the correct finding.