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Table 3 Mean Pre-Post Values and Changes in Outcome Variables in Open Phase (Assessment Data Available Varies from n = 71 to n = 73).

From: Evaluation of a communication skills program for first-year medical students at the University of Toronto

  Intervention over Academic Year Significance
  (A) (B) (B) - (A) Repeated Measures
     Time Effect
Self Rating, SAICQ 3.47 3.39 -0.08 F(1,70) = 4.45
(S.D.) (0.55) (0.55) (0.32) p = 0.038
Actor Rating, ISRS 59.1 65.5 +6.4 F(1,69) = 11.38
(S.D.) (13.1) (12.7) (16.0) p < 0.001
External Rating, SPIR 6.70 8.33 +1.63 F(1,71) = 4.43
(S.D.) (6.15) (5.51) (6.58) p = 0.039
  1. Three Measure Multivariate Time F(1,66) = 17.28, p < 0.001. Time × Group F(1,66) = 0.18, not significant.