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Table 5 Comparison of A-level achievement in White and non-White applicants in the UCAS data, for all applicants, applicants taking Chemistry, applicants applying to medical school, and applicants accepted for medical school.

From: The educational background and qualifications of UK medical students from ethnic minorities

  White Mean A-level scores (SD) Non-White Mean A-level scores (SD) Significance Effect size
All applicants 21.92 (5.93) N = 443,038 21.09 (6.31) N = 74,262 t = 34.397 p < .001 d = -.140
All applicants taking Chemistry 23.83 (6.03) N = 72,925 22.92 (6.35) N = 24,626 t = 20.26, p < .001 d = -.151
All medical school applicants 27.29 (3.56) N = 15,073 26.29 (4.41) N = 8,174 t = 18.81 p < .001 d = -.282
All medical school entrants 28.77 (1.97) N = 9,945 28.54 (2.38) N = 4,373 t = 5.89 p < .001 d = -.114
  White N (%) Non-White N(%)   
All applicants: percent gaining ABB or higher 158,373/443,038 = 35.7% 24,074/74,262 = 32.4% χ2 = 308.8 (1) p < .001 OR = .862 (CI .848 – .877) d = -.082
All applicants: proportion taking Chemistry 72,925/443,038 = 16.5% 24,626/74,262 33.2% χ2 = 11,593 (1) p < .001 OR = 2.52 (CI 2.48 – 2.56) d = .-511
Medical school applicants: percent gaining ABB or higher 11,977/15,074 = 79.5% 5815/8174 = 71.1% χ2 = 204.3 (1) p < .001 OR = 0.634 (CI .60 – .68) d = -.252
Medical school applicants: percent gaining AAA higher 6,893/15,074 = 45.7% 3098/8174 = 37.9% χ2 = 132.6 (1) p < .001 OR = .724 (CI .69–.77) d = -.178
Medical school acceptances: percent gaining ABB or higher 9509/9945 = 95.6% 4109/4373 = 94.0% χ2 = 17.9 (1) p < .001 OR = .714 (CI .61 – .84) d = -.186
Medical school acceptances: percent gaining AAA higher 6083/9945 = 61.2% 2586/4373 = 59.1% χ2 = 5.24 (1) p = .022 OR = .919 (CI .854–.988) d = -.047