# Table 1 GCSE achievement of W and NW students (YCS).

White Mean (SD) N = 11273 Non-White Mean (SD) N = 1776 Significance Effect size
Number of GCSEs taken 8.65 (1.90) 8.55 (1.99) t = 2.07,
p = .039
d = -.053
Total number of GCSE points 24.12 (14.18) 22.01 (14.44) t = 5.81,
p < .001
d = -.148
Mean GCSE points 2.65 (1.34) 2.44 (1.38) t = 5.89,
p < .001
d = -.156
Number of GCSEs at A grade 1.44 (2.62) 1.32 (2.54) t = 1.80,
p = .072
d = -.046
Average difficulty of GCSEs taken .773 (.029)) .771 (.029) t = 1.93,
p = .054
d = -.048
White N (%) Non-White N(%) Chi-squared (p)
Percent with 6 or more GCSEs at grade A 1206/11272 = 10.7% 174/1602 = 9.8% χ2 = 1.32, 1df, p = .251 OR = 0.907 (CI .77 – 1.07) d = -.054
Percent with A grade in particular subjects:
English language 1580/10798 = 14.6% 216/1666 = 13.0% .190 (1) p = .190 -
English Literature 1561/9272 = 16.8% 196/1391 = 14.1% 6.62 (1) p = .010 -
Maths 1321/9485 = 13.9% 208/1168 = 15.1% 1.41 (1) p = .236 -
French 1219/5798 = 21.0% 151/783 = 19.3% 1.27 (1) p = .260 -
Geography 969/4678 = 20.7% 110/513 = 17.7% 3.17 (1) p = .075 -
History 916/3647 = 25.1% 122/369 = 24.8% .017 (1) p = .897 -
Art 799/3427 = 23.3% 123/560 = 22.0% .494 (1) p = .482 -
Craft 869/4508 = 16.2% 101/828 = 12.2% 8.54 (1) p = .003 -
German 521/2508 = 20.8% 55/303 = 18.2% 1.14 (1) p = .286 -
Business Studies 251/1910 = 13.1% 50/346 = 14.5% .43 (1) .510 -
Double Science 1141/8125 = 14.0% 158/1182 = 13.4% .39 (1) p = .531 -