# Table 1 GCSE achievement of W and NW students (YCS).

White Mean (SD) N = 11273

Non-White Mean (SD) N = 1776

Significance

Effect size

Number of GCSEs taken

8.65 (1.90)

8.55 (1.99)

t = 2.07,

p = .039

d = -.053

Total number of GCSE points

24.12 (14.18)

22.01 (14.44)

t = 5.81,

p < .001

d = -.148

Mean GCSE points

2.65 (1.34)

2.44 (1.38)

t = 5.89,

p < .001

d = -.156

Number of GCSEs at A grade

1.44 (2.62)

1.32 (2.54)

t = 1.80,

p = .072

d = -.046

Average difficulty of GCSEs taken

.773 (.029))

.771 (.029)

t = 1.93,

p = .054

d = -.048

White N (%)

Non-White N(%)

Chi-squared (p)

Percent with 6 or more GCSEs at grade A

1206/11272 = 10.7%

174/1602 = 9.8%

χ2 = 1.32, 1df, p = .251

OR = 0.907 (CI .77 – 1.07) d = -.054

Percent with A grade in particular subjects:

English language

1580/10798 = 14.6%

216/1666 = 13.0%

.190 (1) p = .190

-

English Literature

1561/9272 = 16.8%

196/1391 = 14.1%

6.62 (1) p = .010

-

Maths

1321/9485 = 13.9%

208/1168 = 15.1%

1.41 (1) p = .236

-

French

1219/5798 = 21.0%

151/783 = 19.3%

1.27 (1) p = .260

-

Geography

969/4678 = 20.7%

110/513 = 17.7%

3.17 (1) p = .075

-

History

916/3647 = 25.1%

122/369 = 24.8%

.017 (1) p = .897

-

Art

799/3427 = 23.3%

123/560 = 22.0%

.494 (1) p = .482

-

Craft

869/4508 = 16.2%

101/828 = 12.2%

8.54 (1) p = .003

-

German

521/2508 = 20.8%

55/303 = 18.2%

1.14 (1) p = .286

-

251/1910 = 13.1%

50/346 = 14.5%

.43 (1) .510

-

Double Science

1141/8125 = 14.0%

158/1182 = 13.4%

.39 (1) p = .531

- 