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Table 8 Nature and frequency of participant behaviour (activity levels) over time (n, %), Friedman's Test

From: Providing education on evidence-based practice improved knowledge but did not change behaviour: a before and after study

  Time Periods
Behaviour and Frequency Time 1 Pre
3 weeks
(n = 102)
Time 2 Mar–Apr
8 weeks
(n = 79)
(Time 3)* May–Jun
8 weeks
(n = 57)
(Time 4)* Jul–Aug
8 weeks
(n = 47)
Time 5 Sep–Oct
8 weeks
(n = 40)
DF χ2 p
Searching         
   Nil occasions 46 (45.1%) 25 (31.6%) 28 (49.1%) 21 (44.6%) 25 (62.5%)    
   Once 28 (27.4%) 22 (27.8%) 16 (28.1%) 14 (29.8%) 4 (10.0%) 2 9.4 0.009**
   Twice or more 28 (27.4%) 32 (40.5%) 13 (22.8%) 12 (25.5%) 11 (27.5%)    
Reading         
   Nil occasions 71 (69.6%) 58 (73.4%) 39 (68.4%) 39 (83.0%) 24 (60.0%)    
   Once 16 (15.6%) 14 (17.7%) 10 (17.5%) 5 (10.6%) 7 (17.5%) 2 3.5 0.172
   Twice or more 15 (14.7%) 7 (8.9%) 8 (14.0%) 3 (6.3%) 9 (22.5%)    
Appraisal         
   Nil occasions 96 (94.1%) 65 (82.3%) 46 (80.7%) 42 (89.4%) 33 (82.5%)    
   Once 3 (2.9%) 8 (10.1%) 5 (8.8%) 3 (6.4%) 6 (15.0%) 2 4.5 0.105
   Twice or more 3 (2.9%) 6 (7.6%) 6 (10.5%) 2 (4.3%) 1 (2.5%)    
Teaching others         
   Nil occasions 97 (95.1%) 65 (82.3%) 46 (80.7%) 45 (95.7%) 39 (97.5%)    
   Once 4 (3.9%) 6 (7.6%) 8 (14.0%) 2 (4.2%) 0 (0.0%) 2 3.4 0.179
   Twice or more 1 (1.0%) 8 (10.1%) 3 (5.3%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (2.5%)    
  1. Notes. Searching refers to use of online databases and websites, in order to answer a clinical question. Reading refers to the reading of research-related textbooks, articles and other documents without using a critical appraisal checklist. Critical appraisal refers to reading and interpreting a research article, while simultaneously using a critical appraisal checklist. Teaching refers to any teaching, or preparation for teaching, related to evidence-based practice. * (Time 3 and Time 4 not included in repeated measures analysis, only Time 1, Time 2 and Time 5). ** Significant at 0.05