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Table 1 The questionnaire. shows the questionnaire the students had to complete.

From: Cardiac auscultation training of medical students: a comparison of electronic sensor-based and acoustic stethoscopes

Question No:   Alternatives Points
1 Do you hear any murmur? Yes/no 6
2 If so, is the murmur: Systolic/ Diastolic /both 5
3 If you have heard a systolic murmur, how would you characterise it? Holosystolic/Crescendo-decrescendo 2
4 Describe the quality of the systolic murmur:   3
5 Where is the murmur loudest? Anatomical alternatives 3
6 Grade 1 – 6 4
7 Radiation? Anatomical alternatives 4
8 If you have heard a diastolic murmur, how would you characterise it? Rumbling, whistling etc. 3
9 Is the 2nd heart tone preserved? preserved/ diminished/ not audible 4
10 Is the 2nd heart tone constantly split? Yes/ no 1
11 Is a third heart tone present? Yes/ no 1
12 What is the most likely cause of the murmur? Options 2
13 Any comments?   Max 2