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Table 2 Main differences between "problematization" and problem-based learning.

From: Student responses to the introduction of case-based learning and practical activities into a theoretical obstetrics and gynaecology teaching programme

  "Problematization" Problem-based learning
Observation of reality Problems constructed by the lecturers of subjects in which this methodology is used (subject option) Construction of problems by the lecturers, with complete vertical and horizontal integration (institutional option)
Key points Not defined Defined in the curriculum
Formulation of theory Investigation-guided study Investigation-guided study
Putting forward of solution Done after study Done by students before study, on the basis of previous knowledge
Application to reality (practice) Results must intervene in reality as much as possible Intervention in the social environment is considered to be fundamental