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Table 4 Preceptor Behaviours Ranking

From: Medical Students' and Residents' preferred site characteristics and preceptor behaviours for learning in the ambulatory setting: a cross-sectional survey

Rank Question Number saying important for learning (%) Number not answering question Number saying detrimental for learning (%)
1 Is open to questions 1540 (96.7) 5 1 (0.1)
2 Gives constructive feedback 1522 (95.6) 6 1 (0.1)
3 Demonstrates enthusiasm for teaching 1515 (95.1) 5 1 (0.1)
4 Reviews differential diagnoses 1507 (94.6) 5 0
5 Delegates appropriate responsibility for patient care 1491 (93.7) 7 1 (0.1)
6 Gives timely feedback 1445 (90.7) 5 0
7 Has a strong command of his or her specialty 1433 (90.1) 7 2 (0.1)
8 Discusses clinical topics in an organized way 1416 (88.9) 5 0
9 Makes student feel like a valued member of the practice 1407 (88.3) 5 1 (0.1)
10 Identifies and responds to student's specific learning needs 1398(87.9) 8 1 (0.1)
11 Discusses own clinical reasoning processes 1396 (87.3) 8 1 (0.1)
12 Asks for students' ideas before giving own 1372 (86.1) 5 0
13 Discusses clinical topics concisely 1361 (85.5) 6 1 (0.1)
14 Demonstrates a caring attitude towards students 1347 (84.6) 5 1 (0.1)
15 Sets time aside to discuss topics unable to be discussed during busy clinics 1340 (84.3) 10 4 (0.3)
16 Provides a role model of professional behaviour 1327 (83.5) 8 0
17 Asks students differing complexities of questions 1302 (81.8) 6 3 (0.2)
18 Welcomes differing points of view 1294 (81.3) 7 2 (0.1)
19 Demonstrates a caring attitude towards patients 1279 (80.3) 5 0
20 Facilitates student's participation in follow-up care 1263 (79.4) 7 0
21 Teaches physical examination 1218 (76.8) 13 3 (0.2)
22 Monitors quality of the rotation 1216 (76.4) 6 1 (0.1)
23 Seeks to understand student's ideas 1186 (74.5) 6 0
24 Suggests relevant reading 1172 (73.6) 5 0
25 Connects new ideas to existing knowledge 1149 (72.4) 10 0
26 Defines student's role 1087 (68.4) 8 3 (0.2)
27 Provides a role model of a balance between personal and professional life 1079 (67.9) 9 0
28 Teaches appropriate use of health care resources 1072 (67.4) 8 0
29 Teaches use of community resources 1005 (63.2) 7 0
29 Demonstrates effective interactions with support staff 1005 (63.2) 9 0
30 Observes clinical interactions directly 966 (60.8) 8 7 (0.4)
31 Teaches communication skills 940 (59.2) 10 2 (0.1)
32 Discusses limitations of his or her own knowledge 899 (56.5) 7 1 (0.1)
33 Provides background on patients before students sees patient 602 (37.8) 5 36 (2.3)
34 Outlines specific task(s) to be done during a clinical encounter 595 (37.5) 12 30 (1.9)
35 Teaches in the patient's presence 429 (27.1) 14 116 (7.3)
36 Focuses on one teaching theme per clinic 348 (21.9) 9 71 (4.4)
37 Reviews case in the patient's presence 281 (17.7) 10 242 (15.1)