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Table 2 Effectiveness of randomisation: comparison of baseline characteristics of intervention and control arm participants

From: A randomised controlled trial of extended immersion in multi-method continuing simulation to prepare senior medical students for practice as junior doctors

Characteristic Intervention (n = 45) Control (n = 39) P value for difference
Gender: number (%) male 19 (42%) 20 (51%) NS*
Age at beginning of study: mean (in years) 26.7 26.4 NS**
Higher degree on entry: number (%) 6 (13%) 6 (15%) NS*
Prior healthcare worker††: number (%) 10 (22%) 5 (13%) NS*
GAMSAT score on entry: mean 61.1 60.1 NS**
GPA‡‡ on entry: mean 6.53 6.33 NS**
Ever failed a year: number (%) 1 (2%) 2 (5%) NS*
Year 1 overall summative score: mean (out of 1000) 732 724 NS**
Year 1 clinical skills summative score: mean (out of 250) 185 182 NS**
Year 2 overall summative score: mean (out of 1000) 692 690 NS**
Year 2 clinical skills summative score: mean (out of 250) 159 160 NS**
  1. Notes: * = by Fisher’s Exact Test; ** = by t-test, † = students who entered the graduate medical program with a prior honours, masters or doctoral degree; †† = students who had practiced in another health profession (pharmacy, physiotherapy or nursing) prior to entry into medicine; ‡ = Graduate Australian Medical School Admissions Test overall score, ‡‡ = Grade Point Average for student’s previous degree on a 7 point scale, ¶ = students who had failed any year in the medical program prior to the study.