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Table 4 Students-nested-in-majors HLM analyses for 1,285 matriculates of a medical school in China

From: Predictors of first-year GPA of medical students: a longitudinal study of 1285 matriculates in China

  Fixed effects§ Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
  b p value b p value b pvalue
Major-level effects        
  Intercept 77.13* 0.000 77.13* 0.000 77.17* 0.000
Social-demographic % Female 0.04 0.149 0.04 0.133 0.04 0.172
  % Minority 0.04 0.797 0.04 0.808 0.07 0.661
  % Urban -0.04 0.510 -0.04 0.505 -0.03 0.604
  % NCEE repeaters 0.03 0.675 0.03 0.677 0.04 0.615
  % First-generation -0.08 0.284 -0.08 0.299 -0.08 0.313
  Average parental income 0.47 0.857 0.40 0.878 0.38 0.888
Average NCEE Average NCEE score 2.96* 0.022 2.91* 0.023 3.04* 0.022
Motivational attitude Average academic self-concept 0.18 0.949 0.41 0.883 0.67 0.815
  Faculty interaction 0.64 0.769 0.87 0.687 1.05 0.638
  Average authority -1.72 0.381 -2.10 0.287 -2.32 0.252
  Average social goals 3.17 0.212 3.25 0.201 2.93 0.260
  Average financial goals -1.74 0.491 -1.65 0.513 -1.51 0.559
Student-level effects        
Social-demographic Gender: female    2.37* 0.000 2.44* 0.000
  Ethnicity: minority    -1.98* 0.023 0.74 0.421
  Residence: urban    -0.06 0.845 0.09 0.782
  NCEE repeaters    -0.96* 0.035 -1.55* 0.001
  First-generation    -0.23 0.549 -0.27 0.469
  Parental income    -0.33* 0.032 -0.30* 0.049
Individual NCEE NCEE score      1.24* 0.000
Motivational attitude Academic self-concept      0.28* 0.042
  Faculty interaction      0.22 0.106
  Authority      0.05 0.685
  Social goals      0.06 0.666
  Financial goals      0.24 0.071
  1. Model 1 included major-level variables alone; Model 2 included major-level variables and student-level socio-demographic variables; Model 3 included major-level variables and all student-level variables.
  2. *Significant effects (p < 0.05) under each of the three models.
  3. § b is the estimated regression coefficient, SE is its standard error, and the statistical magnitude of p is based on the t ratio.