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Table 3 Factor structure and reliability for motivational attitude factors

From: Predictors of first-year GPA of medical students: a longitudinal study of 1285 matriculates in China

Factors and Survey Items Mean SD Factor Cronbach’s Alpha
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Academic self-concept     0.82
Academic ability* 3.88 0.60 0.71  
Creativity* 3.42 0.77 0.61  
Drive to achieve* 4.09 0.74 0.63  
Mathematical ability* 3.53 0.85 0.63  
Self-confidence (intellectual)* 3.82 0.76 0.78  
Authority     0.74
Becoming an authority in my field 2.79 0.79 0.67  
Obtaining recognition from my colleagues for contributions to my particular field 2.92 0.73 0.68  
Making a theoretical contribution to science 2.73 0.81 0.49  
Social goals     0.81
Helping others who are in difficulty 2.99 0.71 0.56  
Participating in a community action program 2.71 0.72 0.66  
Improving my understanding of other countries and cultures 2.64 0.80 0.68  
Adopting "green" practices to protect the environment 2.92 0.79 0.88  
Financial goals     0.72
Being able to make more money 2.29 0.61 0.59  
Being very well off financially 2.30 0.76 0.99  
Expectation for student-faculty interaction     0.81
Communicating regularly with professors§ 3.52 0.59 0.64  
Working on a professor’s research project§ 3.43 0.62 0.84  
All items together     0.84
  1. *Self-ratings of the traits compared with the average person of the same age on a five-point scale: from 1 = lowest 10% to 5 = highest 10%.
  2. Self-ratings of importance on a four-point scale: from 1 = not important to 4 = essential.
  3. Self-ratings of importance on a three-point scale: from 1 = not important to 3 = very important.
  4. §Best guess of future events on a four-point scale: from 1 = no chance to 4 = very good chance.