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Table 4 Effects of student characteristics on case feedback and MC score

From: Virtual patients: the influence of case design and teamwork on students’ perception and knowledge – a pilot study

Variables Relevance mean [95%-CI] Motivation mean [95%-CI] Perceived learning effect mean [95%-CI] Narrative style mean [95%-CI] Question type mean [95%-CI] Question content mean [95%-CI] Minutes spent working mean [95%-CI] MC score mean [95%-CI]
Sex Male 5.1 [5.0;5.2] 4.2 [4.0;4.4] 4.1 [3.9;4.4] 4.4 [4.2;4.7] 4.3 [4.1;4.5] 4.5 [4.4;4.7] n.s.
Female 4.5* [4.4;4.7] 4.5* [4.3;4.7] 4.8* [4.6;5.0] 4.7* [4.5;4.8]
Prior knowledge No n.s. n.s. n.s. 14** [12;15] 1.7 [1.5;1.9]
Yes 12 [10;13] 2.1** [1.9;2.3]
Teamwork No 4.5* [4.3;4.7] 12 [11;13] 1.8 [1.6;2.0]
Yes 4.3 [4.1;4.5] 13** [12;14] 1.9* [1.7;2.1]
Age n.s. n.s. n.s.
E-learning experience -0.5*1 [-1;0]
E-learning interest 0.16*1 [0.04;0.28] 0.21*1 [0.07;0.36] 0.17*1 [0.02;0.31] 0.15*1 [0.01;0.30] 0.16*1 [0.02;0.31]   n.s.
  1. *p < 0.05 **p < 0.001 1gradient [95%-CI].