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Table 2 Male and female students’ career preferences

From: Few gender differences in specialty preferences and motivational factors: a cross-sectional Swedish study on last-year medical students

Variable Category Women Men p
   N = 215 N = 157  
   % (N) % (N)  
Specialty preference Surgical specialties 27 (58) 29 (44) NS
  Surgery 17 (36) 23 (36) NS
  Gynecology 8 (17) 3 (4) .028
  Anesthesiology 2 (5) 3 (4) NS
  Non-surgical specialties 22 (48) 24 (37) NS
  Internal medicine 8 (17) 9 (14) NS
  Pediatrics 7 (15) 4 (6) NS
  Psychiatrya 3 (6) 3 (5) NS
  Neurology 2 (4) 3 (5) NS
  Others 3 (6) 5 (7) NS
  Family medicine 18 (38) 17 (26) NS
  Not sure 32 (68) 30 (47) NS
Preferred working hours (hours per week) More than full-time (>40) 2 (5) 10 (15) .001
  Full-time (40) 40 (85) 51 (80)  
  Slightly less than full-time (31–39) 23 (50) 12 (19)  
  75% and less (≤30) 31 (66) 24 (37)  
  Other 4 (9) 4 (6)  
  1. Note: Significance level for gender differences was set at p < .05. NS = not significant. p < .05 in bold. aPsychiatry includes child and adolescent psychiatry.