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Table 1 Overview of the EBM course content

From: Adopting a blended learning approach to teaching evidence based medicine: a mixed methods study

Session Key EBM content covered
1. Introduction to EBM • Rationale for EBM in medicine
• How to construct a clinical question
2. Searching the medical literature • Overview of relevant medical and healthcare databases
• How to construct a search strategy
3. Biostatistics • Overview of biostatistical concepts including;
  ▪ Categorical versus numerical data
  ▪ Use of appropriate statistical analysis
4. Critical appraisal of studies of therapy (part 1) • Introduction to RCTs
• Measures of effect (relative risk, number needed to treat, absolute risk)
• P-values and confidence intervals
• Critical appraisal techniques for studies of therapy
5. Critical appraisal of studies of therapy (part 2) • Continuation of session 4.
6. Critical appraisal of studies of harm (part 1) • Introduction to cohort studies
• Measures of effect (Odds ratios and number needed to harm)
• Critical appraisal techniques for studies of harm (specific to cohort studies)
7. Critical appraisal of studies of harm (part 2) • Introduction to case–control studies
• Measures of effect (Odds ratios and number needed to harm)
• Critical appraisal techniques for studies of harm (specific to case–control studies)
8. Critical appraisal of studies of diagnosis • Overview of concepts specific to diagnosis including;
  ▪ Sensitivity and specificity
  ▪ Positive and negative predictive values
  ▪ Positive and negative likelihood ratios
• Critical appraisal techniques for studies of diagnosis
9. Critical appraisal of studies of prognosis • Overview of concepts specific to prognosis including;
  ▪ Longitudinal study designs (including time series)
  ▪ Use of survival curves and hazard ratios
• Critical appraisal techniques for studies of prognosis
10. Critical appraisal of systematic reviews • Introduction to how systematic reviews are constructed
• Overview of how to interpret meta-analysis including;
  ▪ Forest plots
  ▪ Sensitivity analysis
  ▪ Significance of heterogeneity
• Critical appraisal techniques for systematic reviews