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Table 1 Description of study sample at baseline (n = 111), n (%)

From: Reducing the stigma of mental illness in undergraduate medical education: a randomized controlled trial

  Study sample (n = 111) n, (%) Intervention group (n = 55) n, (%) Control group (n= 56) n, (%) P-value
Gender     
Male 45 (40.5) 18 (32.7) 27 (48.2) 0.07a
Female 66 (59.5) 37 (67.3) 29 (51.8)  
Age     
18–25 years 71 (63.9) 41 (74.5) 30 (53.8) 0.02b
26–44 years 40 (36.1) 14 (25.5) 26 (46.4)  
Ethnicity     
White 76 (69.9) 38 (69.1) 38 (67.9) 0.50a
Asian 16 (14.4) 8 (14.6) 8 (14.3)  
South East Asian 16 (14.4) 6 (10.9) 10 (17.9)  
Other 3 (2.7) 3 (5.5) -  
Summer Psychiatry Elective     
No 99 (89.2) 51 (92.8) 48 (85.7) 0.20a
Yes 12 (10.8) 4 (7.3) 8 (14.3)  
Fall/Winter Psychiatry Elective     
No 98 (88.3) 51 (92.8) 48 (85.7) 0.29a
Yes 13 (11.7) 4 (7.3) 8 (14.3)  
Have treated a patient for a mental illness     
No 57 26 (47.3) 31 (55.4)  
Yes 46 25 (45.5) 21 (37.5) 0.67a
Don’t Know 8 4 (7.3) 4 (7.1)  
Have been treated for a mental illness     
No 96 (86.5) 47 (84.5) 49 (87.5) 0.49a
Yes 15 (13.5) 8 (14.6) 7 (12.5)  
Would consider a career in Psychiatry     
No 53 (47.8) 30 (54.6) 23 (41.1)  
Yes 25 (22.5) 5 (9.1) 20 (35.7) 0.003a
Maybe 33 (29.7) 20 (36.4) 12 (23.2)  
  1. aFisher’s exact test, bMann–Whitney test.