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Table 2 Outcome on 5 mindfulness measures at T1 and T2 for the intervention and control group

From: Mindfulness training for stress management: a randomised controlled study of medical and psychology students

  Intervention n=144 Control n=144
Women n = 118 Women n = 101
Men n = 26 Men n = 43   
  T1 T2 T1 T2 Hedges’g F 1,287
     (95% CI) Women F 1,218
      Men F 1,67
      ( p-value)
Non Reacting 20.5 (3.8) 21.9 (3.6) 20.4 (3.9) 20.7 (4.0) 0.33 (.10, .56) 10.70 (<.001)
 Women 20.4 (3.7) 21.9 (3.7) 20.2 (4.0) 20.7 (4.2) 0.27 (.00, .54) 6.78 (.010)
 Men 21.2 (4.1) 22.2 (2.8) 20.8 (3.7) 20.8 (3.4) 0.32 (−.17, .81) 3.22 (.077)
Non Judging 25.4 (5.6) 26.4 (5.2) 25.9 (5.4) 26.4 (5.2) 0.17 (−.06, .40) 2.98 (.085)
 Women 25.3 (5.9) 26.9 (5.4) 25.3 (5.6) 25.5 (5.5) 0.27 (.00, .54) 7.31 (.007)
 Men 25.9 (5.2) 26.5 (4.3) 27.2 (4.7) 28.7 (3.9) 0.21 (−.28, .70) 3.70 (.059)
Act Aware 23.8 (5.2) 24.4 (4.6) 24.8 (5.9) 24.6 (5.5) 0.15 (−.08, .38) 1.02 (.314)
 Women 24.0 (5.0) 24.5 (4.62) 24.4 (5.5) 23.8 (5.6) 0.18 (−.09, .45) 3.492 (.063)
 Men 23.4 (6.0) 24.0 (4.8) 25.9 (6.0) 26.4 (4.8) 0.02 (−.47, .51) 1.293 (.290)
Describe 28.6 (5.6) 29.6 (5.3) 29.3 (5.1) 29.9 (5.2) 0.06 (−.17, .29) 0.13 (.719)
 Women 28.5 (5.7) 29.6 (5.2) 29.2 (5.1) 30.2 (5.7) 0.03 (−.24, .30) .000 (.987)
 Men 29.2 (5.4) 29.5 (5.9) 29.4 (5.3) 29.4 (3.8) 0.07 (−.42, .56) .052 (.820)
Observe 26.7 (5.0) 27.4 (5.1) 26.7 (5.3) 26.4 (5.7) 0.17 (−.06, .40) 4.54 (.034) a
 Women 27.0 (5.2) 27.6 (5.2) 27.1 (5.1) 26.8 (5.6) 0.14 (−.13, .41) 2.334 (.128)
 Men 25.5 (3.9) 26.5 (4.2) 25.6 (5.7) 25.3 (5.9) 0.25 (−.24, .74) 1.946 (.168)
  1. Note. Means (SD), g between group Hedges effect sizes and p-values from univariate tests across gender. CI Confidence Interval based on pooled post-intervention SD. Bold characters reflect data for the whole sample.
  2. aDid not reach significance using a Bonferroni-corrected alpha-level of 0.01.