Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Sample validation: comparison between “respondents” and “non respondents” for each independent variable

From: Individual characteristics and student’s engagement in scientific research: a cross-sectional study

INDEPENDENT VARIABLES Non respondents Respondents Total Mean difference
n = 62 n = 465 n = 527 (T-Test/ χ 2 Test)
  n (%) Mean/SD n (%) Mean/SD n (%) Mean/SD  
Opportunities 62 (100%) 3.6/1.9 465 (100%) 3.4/1.9 527 (100%) 3.4/1.9 t(525) = .946, n.s.
GPA 62 (100%) 186/3.2 465 (100%) 186.1/3.3 527 (100%) 186.1/3.3 t(525) = −.404, n.s.
Neuroticism 41 (66%) 24.7/6.8 437 (94%) 23.9/7.7 478 (91%) 23.9/7.6 t(476) = .804, n.s.
Extroversion 41 (66%) 32.6/7.9 437 (94%) 31.2/5.4 478 (91%) 31.3/5.7 t(475) = 1.663, n.s.
Openness 41 (66%) 29.5/5.3 436 (94%) 30.5/5.4 477 (91%) 30.4/5.4 t(475) = 1.373, n.s.
Agreeableness 41 (66%) 33.7/5.6 437 (94%) 33.9/5.3 478 (91%) 33.9/5.3 t(476) = −.160, n.s.
Conscientiousness n41 (66%) 32.2/5.8 n436 (94%) 33.7/6.6 n477 (91%) 33.6/6.6 t(475) = 1.209, n.s.
Gender F 43 (69%) -- 321 (69%) -- 364 (69%) -- χ 2(1, N = 527) = 0.02, n.s.
  M 19 (31%) -- 144 (31%) -- 163 (31%) --  
This university was my first option 42 (68%) -- 356 (77%) -- --398 (76%)   χ 2(1, N = 398) = 2.576, n.s.