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Table 6 Socio-demographic and other correlates of intention to emigrate after graduation among AAU medical students

From: Attitudes of undergraduate medical students of Addis Ababa University towards medical practice and migration, Ethiopia

Factors Intended to emigrate Adjusted OR*
(95% CI)
P-value
  No, n (%) Yes, n (%)   
Gender     
 Female 105 (53.9) 90 (46.2) 1.00 (Reference)  
 Male 176 (43.5) 229 (56.5) 1.57 (1.10, 2.29) 0.020
Age in years     
 15–19 95 (44.0) 121 (56.0) 1.00 (Reference)  
 20 or more 186 (48.4) 198 (51.6) 0.69 (0.46, 1.06) 0.088
Religion     
 Other Christian 67 (51.5) 63 (48.5) 1.00 (Reference)  
 Orthodox Christian 173 (46.3) 201 (53.7) 1.27 (0.83, 1.92) 0.268
 Muslim 35 (42.2) 48 (57.8) 1.54 (0.84, 2.81) 0.161
 Other 6 (46.2) 7 (53.8) 1.68 (0.52, 5.50) 0.388
Completed high school in Addis
Ababa
    
 No 102 (44.5) 127 (55.5) 1.00 (Reference)  
 Yes 179 (48.3) 192 (51.7) 0.70 (0.44, 1.11) 0.129
Original background     
 Rural 60 (51.3) 57 (48.7) 1.00 (Reference)  
 Urban 221 (45.8) 262 (54.2) 1.25 (0.63, 2.46) 0.527
Medical education status     
 Pre-clinical 206 (48.2) 221 (51.8) 1.00 (Reference)  
 Clinical 75 (43.4) 98 (56.6) 1.58 (1.0, 2.49) 0.051
Mother’s educational level     
 Never attended school 96 (50.8) 93 (49.2) 1.00 (Reference)  
 Elementary or high school 48 (37.8) 79 (62.2) 1.57 (0.88, 2.79) 0.127
Father’s educational level     
 Never attended school 73 (51.4) 69 (48.6) 1.00 (Reference)  
 Elementary or high school 50 (40.3) 74 (59.7) 1.33 (0.75, 2.37) 0.331
 Above 12th grade 158 (47.3) 176 (52.7) 0.97 (0.51, 1.84) 0.921
Main source of family’s income     
 Government employee 81 (44.3) 102 (55.7) 1.00 (Reference)  
 Business 75 (47.2) 84 (52.8) 0.83 (0.51, 1.35) 0.445
 Agriculture-based 65 (52.0) 60 (48.0) 0.79 (0.36, 1.73) 0.560
 Other 60 (45.1) 73 (54.9) 1.04 (0.65, 1.68) 0.868
Total, N (%) 281 (46.8) 319 (53.2)   
  1. *OR = Odds Ratio, **An OR >1 indicates greater likelihood of practicing in a rural area compared with practicing in urban.
  2. Note: P-values in bold are statistically significant (p < 0.05).
  3. Source: A survey conducted in June 2009 among 600 Addis Ababa University medical students in Ethiopia.