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Table 3 AAU medical students’ reported place of initial practice of medicine and organization as well as area of specialization upon graduation by gender

From: Attitudes of undergraduate medical students of Addis Ababa University towards medical practice and migration, Ethiopia

Characteristics Gender Total, n (%) p-value
  Male, n (%) Female, n (%)   
Place to initially practice medical profession     
 Rural areas 123 (30.4) 54 (27.7) 177 (29.5) 0.501
 Urban/city 106 (26.2) 62 (31.8) 168 (28.0) 0.151
 Abroad 93 (23.0) 33 (16.9) 126 (21.0) 0.089
 Any where 78 (19.3) 40 (20.5) 118 (19.7) 0.717
 Other 5 (1.2) 6 (3.1) 11 (1.8) 0.211
Organization in which to initially practice medicine     
 Public sector 177 (43.7) 85 (43.6) 262 (43.7) 0.971
 Any organization/institution 62 (15.2) 43 (22.1) 105 (17.2) 0.042
 NGOs 66 (16.3) 35 (17.9) 101 (16.8) 0.612
 Organization in abroad 63 (15.6) 18 (9.2) 81 (13.5) 0.034
 Private sector 27 (6.7) 9 (4.6) 36 (6.0) 0.322
 Other 10 (2.5) 5 (2.6) 15 (2.5) 0.834
Area of specialization to pursue     
 Clinical medicine 316 (78.0) 156 (80.0) 472 (78.7) 0.580
 Biomedical sciences 34 (8.4) 9 (4.6) 43 (7.2) 0.093
 Public health 28 (6.9) 10 (5.1) 38 (6.3) 0.400
 Other 27 (6.7) 20 (10.3) 47 (7.8) 0.125
Total, N (%) 405 (67.5) 195 (32.5) 600 (100)  
  1. Note: P-values in bold are statistically significant (p < 0.005).
  2. Source: A survey conducted in June 2009 among 600 Addis Ababa University medical students in Ethiopia.