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Table 1 AAU medical students’ reported reasons for choosing medicine as a field of study and current feelings toward the discipline by gender

From: Attitudes of undergraduate medical students of Addis Ababa University towards medical practice and migration, Ethiopia

Characteristics Gender Total, n (%) p-value
  Male, n (%) Female, n (%)   
Main reason for choosing medicine     
 Interested in the field or in life saving 160 (39.5) 116 (59.5) 276 (46.0) <0.001
 For better income 102 (25.2) 22 (11.3) 124 (20.7) <0.001
 Social prestige 65 (16.0) 15 (7.7) 80 (13.3) 0.005
 Family or peer influence 43 (10.6) 20 (10.3) 63 (10.5) 0.893
 Had no better choice 5 (1.2) 5 (2.6) 10 (1.7) 0.395
 Assigned or imposed 7 (1.7) 2 (1.0) 9 (1.5) 0.761
 God’s will or childhood dream 4 (1.0) 3 (1.5) 7 (1.2) 0.855
 Other 19 (4.7) 12 (6.2) 31 (5.2) 0.448
Current feelings towards studying medicine     
 Excellent 81 (20.0) 36 (18.5) 117 (19.5) 0.656
 Very good 72 (17.8) 40 (20.5) 112 (18.7)  
 Good 119 (29.4) 58 (29.7) 177 (29.5)  
 Fair 80 (19.8) 47 (24.1) 127 (21.2) 0.928
 Bad 53 (13.1) 14 (7.2) 67 (11.2) 0.031
Total, N (%) 405 (67.5) 195 (32.5) 600 (100)  
  1. Note: P-values in bold are statistically significant (p < 0.05).
  2. Source: A survey conducted in June 2009 among 600 Addis Ababa University medical students in Ethiopia.