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Table 3 Factors associated with trainee residents’ attitudes and barriers towards health research

From: Trainee resident participation in health research in a resource-constrained setting in south-eastern Nigeria: perspectives, issues and challenges. A cross-sectional survey of three residency training centres

Statement Percent currently Percent not currently Odds ratio (95% CI) P-value
  participating in research participating in research   
  (n = 63) (n = 73)   
Attitudes towards research     
Promotes researcher’s critical 54(85.7) 64(87.7) 0.84(0.54–1.31) 0.8438
appraisal skills (Yes/Neutral/No) 4(6.3) 5(6.8)   
  5(7.9) 4(5.4)   
Improves patient care 47(71.4) 19(26.0) 7.10(3.33–15.13) 0.001*
  10(15.8) 24(32.9)   
  6(9.5) 30(41.1)   
Helps in job promotion 47(74.6) 18(24.7) 8.97(4.12–19.53) 0.001*
  6(9.5) 20(27.4)   
  10(15.9) 35(63.6)   
Helps to change health policy 51(81.0) 56(76.7) 0.91(0.57–1.45) 0.6931
  0(0.0) 7(11.1)   
  12(19.4) 10(15.9)   
Provides better understanding 54(85.7) 16(21.9) 21.37(8.71–54.44) 0.001*
of disease 5(7.9) 17(23.3)   
  4(6.3) 40(54.8)   
Provides financial benefits 28(44.4) 35(47.9) 0.8(0.44–1.47) 0.4712
  13(20.6) 18(24.7)   
  22(34.9) 20(27.4)   
through grants and loans     
Enhances researcher’s societal 31(49.2) 48(65.8) 0.65(0.37–1.12) 0.1174
standing 15(23.8) 12(16.4)   
  17(27.0) 13(17.8)   
Barriers towards research     
Lack of research awareness 49(77.8) 59(80.8) 0.83(0.52–1.32) 0.4318
  7(11.1) 5(6.8)   
  7(11.1) 9(12.3)   
Research is difficult 59(77.8) 65(80.8) 0.83(0.59–1.40) 0.6599
  1(1.6) 3(4.1)   
  3(4.8) 5(6.8)   
Lack of protected research time 17(27.0) 63(86.3) 0.06(0.025–0.14) 0.001*
  19(30.2) 0(0.0)   
  27(42.9) 10(13.7)   
Lack of research training 56(88.9) 67(91.8) 0.86(0.54–1.29) 0.4178
  2(3.2) 2(2.7)   
  5(7.9) 4(5.4)   
Lack of research funding 25(39.7) 70(95.8) 0.028(0.008–0.10) 0.001*
  10(15.9) 1(1.4)   
  28(44.4) 2(2.8)   
Lack of statistical support 59(93.7) 63(86.3) 0.94(0.61–1.45) 0.7675
  0(0.0) 2(2.7)   
  4(6.3) 8(11.0)   
Lack of research mentorship 26(41.3) 65(89.0) 0.086(0.36–0.21) 0.001*
  7(11.1) 3(4.1)   
  20(31.7) 5(6.8)   
Frustrations from rejection 38(60.3) 48(65.8) 0.79(0.47–1.33) 0.3783
Of submitted articles 11(17.5) 7(9.6)   
  14(22.2) 18(24.7)   
  1. *Significant