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Table 4 Mean and standard deviation score of RME-E of first year and final year medical students of Jimma University; Ethiopia, 2011

From: Comparative cross-sectional study of empathy among first year and final year medical students in Jimma University, Ethiopia: Steady state of the heart and opening of the eyes

Variable Mean RME-R (SD) P-value
First year (n1 = 131) Final year (n2 = 106)
Sex Male 14.2(4.7) 17.2(4.3) <0.01
Female 16.3(4.8) 21.2(4.0)
Ethnicity Oromo 13.6(4.6) 17.0(4.4) 0.31
Amhara 14.7(4.8) 19.5(4.7)
Others 15.3(5.1) 18.4(3.2)
Grow up with Mother 13.6(5.2) 17.6(4.3) 0.35
Father 12.0(2.0) 22.8(4.6)
Both 14.7(4.8) 17.6(4.4)
Other 13.7(5.3) 16.3(5.0)
Position in the family Eldest 16.1(5.0) 17.9(5.1) 0.22
Sandwich 14.0(4.4) 17.8(4.1)
Youngest 14.1(5.3) 17.5(5.0)
Place of living At home with family or relatives 14.9(4.8) 18.6(4.6) 0.03
Not at home 14.1(4.7) 16.3(4.0)
Working status of mother Working 15.2(5.3) 18.5(4.1) <0.01
Housewife 13.9(4.1) 16.5(4.6)
out of work 17.3(5.6) 20.8(4.4)
Working status of father Working 14.5(4.8) 17.6(4.3) 0.80
Houseman 11.7(2.9) 17.6(4.9)
out of work 15.6(4.3) 20.8(4.0)
Religion Christian 14.4(4.8) 17.8(4.5) 0.98
Muslim 14.6(5.0) 17.6(4.7)
Other 14.5(0.7) 17.0(0.0)
Religion active member Yes 14.3(4.5) 17.9(4.7)  
No 15.2(5.2) 17.5(4.2)
Major life event Yes 14.8(5.1) 17.3(5.1) 0.66
No 14.2(4.7) 18.1(4.1)
Online social media like facebook Yes 15.8(4.4) 17.8(4.5) <0.001
No 13.5(4.9) 17.6(4.3)
Migration history Yes 14.8(5.1) 17.3(5.1) 0.86
No 14.2(4.7) 18.1(4.1)
Daily internet time less than 1 h 14.4(5.1) 17.8(4.8) 0.35
more than 1 h 14.8(4.9) 18.2(3.9)
no internet 14.4(3.7) 16.8(3.6)
Interested in continuity of patient care 13.9(4.9) 18.2(4.2) 0.13
less interpersonal contact 16.2(4.7) 18.4(4.9)
no idea 14.0(4.3) 16.14(4.1)
History of Psychiatric treatment Yes 13.6(7.8) 14.4(4.6) 0.11
No 14.6(4.6) 18.1(4.4)
Total BEES mean (SD) 14.4(4.8) 17.8(4.5) <0.001