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Table 2 Mean and standard deviation score of BEES of first year and final year medical students of Jimma University; Ethiopia, 2011

From: Comparative cross-sectional study of empathy among first year and final year medical students in Jimma University, Ethiopia: Steady state of the heart and opening of the eyes

Variable Mean BEES (SD) P-value
First year (n1 = 131) Final year (n2 = 106)
Sex Male 39.0(22.3) 39.9(20.0) 0.91
Female 51.8(30.6) 51.5(23.5)
Ethnicity Oromo 38.4(23.2) 39.3(21.8) 0.01
Amhara 38.9(25.3) 46.1(20.2)
Others 46.3(22.2) 43.0(14.1)
Grow up with Mother 37.3(17.6) 38.6(20.3) 0.72
Father 37.3(2.5) 54.0(31.6)
Both 40.1(24.3) 41.4(20.6)
Other 47.6(25.3) 39.3(18.7)
Position in the family Eldest 48.2(18.8) 38.0(23.5) 0.24
sandwich 41.3(24.0) 43.3(18.6)
youngest 32.2(27.8) 42.8(23.2)
Place of living At home with family or relatives 41.9(24.1) 43.2(19.1) 0.16
Not at home 39.0(24.0) 37.5(22.6)
Working status of mother working 39.6(26.7) 42.3(20.9) 0.86
housewife 41.4(21.5) 39.3(19.4)
out of work 37.8(26.4) 37.3(15.2)
Working status of father working 40.5(24.6) 40.1(20.8) 0.98
houseman 29.5(17.6) 49.4(30.9)
out of work 41.1(18.8) 39.0(8.0)
Religion Christian 39.7(24.6) 40.8(20.0) 0.54
Muslim 42.9(21.3) 43.2(23.3)
Other 53.5(9.2) 41.0(0.0)
Religion active member Yes 44.0(23.1) 40.2(20.1) 0.18
No 32.7(23.5) 42.8(22.3)
Major life event Yes 44.8(22.4) 39.9(21.9) 0.32
No 37.8(24.1) 42.0(20.5)
Online social media like facebook Yes 45.2(24.1) 42.6(21.3) 0.03
No 37.2(22.8) 35.2(16.9)
Migration history Yes 98.0(0.0) 33.2(28.0) 0.87
No 40.2(23.3) 42.0(20.3)
Daily internet time less than 1 h 39.7(24.1) 42.2(22.5) 0.85
more than 1 h 36.0(27.8) 40.2(17.8)
no internet 39.6(19.5) 37.7(15.2)
Interested in Continuity of patient care 41.8(23.9) 43.0(20.4) 0.10
less interpersonal contact 40.8(24.6) 43.9(20.0)
no idea 32.7(20.0) 35.1(21.1)
History of Psychiatric treatment Yes 26.3(22.9) 37.9(19.4) 0.12
No 41.7(23.7) 41.8(21.0)
Total BEES mean (SD) 40.6(23.8) 41.5(20.8) 41.1(22.4) 0.81