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Table 1 Results of the answers to the TRIL (Trierer Inventar zur Lehrevaluation)

From: Spaced education activates students in a theoretical radiological science course: a pilot study

Question no002E Traditional group Spaced education group p
  n Mean value SD n Mean value SD  
Topic 1 “structure and didactics“
1. The course materials (manuscripts, PowerPoint slides, etc.) provided during the course were helpful for the understanding of the learning content. 21 4.8 1.3 21 4.6 1.0 .094
2. Didactic aids (blackboard, flipchart, etc.) were used in an adequate way. 21 4.1 .9 21 4.9 .9 .034
3. The lecturer gave short summaries in order to make clear which were the crucial points for the understanding of the topic. 21 3.9 1.3 21 3.7 1.4 .194
4. The time management of the lecturer was adequate. 21 5.0 .9 21 4.8 .9 .334
5. The learning contents of the single sessions were adapted to the learning targets. 21 4.8 .9 21 4.6 .8 .450
6. The course schedule at the beginning of the term gave me a good overview on the learning content. 21 3.3 1.6 21 3.1 1.5 .777
7. The course had a reproducible structure. 21 4.5 1.3 21 4.2 1.4 .060
8. The course materials were always provided on time.   5.3 1.0   5.3 1.1 .853
Topic 2 “motivational skills of the lecturer“
9. The style of speech of the lecturer was fluently and clear. 21 5.4 1.1 21 5.1 1.2 .650
10. The lecturer was able to explain difficult learning content in an understandable way. 21 4.1 1.3 21 3.9 1.7 .631
11. The lecturer’s speech was acoustically understandable. 21 5.0 1.4 21 5.2 1.0 .860
12. The lecturer was able to keep contact to the audience (e.g. by eye-contact). 21 4.9 1.0 21 4.9 1.3 .915
13. The lecturer created an inspiring atmosphere. 21 3.7 1.2 21 4.1 1.5 .290
14. The lecturer was able to deal with disturbances (technical problems, noisiness, etc.). 21 4.3 1.2 21 4.9 1.3 .756
15. It was easy for me to remain concentrated during the course. 21 3.7 1.2 21 3.7 1.4 .553
16. I was inspired to follow the train of thoughts during the course. 21 4.0 1.1 21 3.8 1.7 .087
Topic 3 “the lecturer’s skills in creating a favourable climate”
17. The lecturer stopped discussions at the right point of time. 21 4.7 1.0 21 4.4 1.3 .070
18. The lecturer treated the students friendly and was open-minded. 21 5.4 .8 21 5.5 .8 .563
19. The lecturer allowed asking questions that concerned the learning content and answered them adequately. 21 5.5 .6 21 5.4 .7 .672
20. The students received the possibility to give contributions to the course. 21 5.4 1.0 21 5.0 1.1 .146
21. The lecturer was able to fulfill needs expressed by the students concerning content, structure and organization of the course. 21 3.6 1.4 21 4.6 1.4 .022
Topic 4 “practical relevance of the course”
22. During the course the relation between theoretical knowledge and practical application demonstrated. 21 4.9 1.0 21 4.6 1.2 .400
23. The learning content of the course was adequately illustrated by practical examples (case studies, clinical applications, etc.). 21 4.8 1.1 21 4.4 1.6 .505
24. I was inspired to deal with the learning content critically. 21 4.0 1.2 21 3.8 1.6 .456
25. The practical relevance of the learning content should have been highlighted even more intensively. 21 3.3 1.4 21 2.7 1.4 .422
Topic 5 “questions on different additional aspects”
26. The availability of the lecturer at other occasions than the lecture was satisfying. 21 5.3 1.2 21 5.6 .7 .676
27. Even at other occasions than the lectures the lecturer answered my questions in an adequate way. 21 5.0 .9 21 5.1 1.2 .447
28. I prepared myself for the lectures on a regular basis (e.g. by reading of additional literature). 21 1.6 .7 21 1.8 .8 .762
29. I did follow-up course work on a regular basis (e.g. by discussion with other students or by reading of additional literature). 21 3.2 1.2 21 3.6 1.1 .797
30. The degree of difficulty of the course was 1 = too low, 2 = low, 3 = adequate, 4 = high, 5 = too high. 21 3.3 .5 21 3.3 .6 .833
Topic 6 “homework”
31. The level of difficulty of the homework was adequate. / / / 21 4.5 1.2 /
32. The homework had a good training effect. / / / 21 4.0 1.4 /
33. The homework was an adequate way of preparing for lectures and following up lectures. / / / 21 3.7 1.4 /
34. The homework was worded in an adequate way. / / / 21 5.3 .8 /
35. The homework improved my understanding of the learning material. / / / 21 4.1 1.3 /
36. The amount of homework was adequate. / / / 21 5.5 .8 /
  1. Answers could be chosen between 1 and 6 (1 = I totally disagree, 6 = I totally agree). For Question 30 possible answers were 1 = too low, 2 = low, 3 = adequate, 4 = high and 5 = too high.